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Research into the major figures in the Renaissance.

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Introduction

´╗┐In about 1450, European scholars became more interested in studying the world around them. Their art became more realistic. They began to explore new lands. The new age in Europe was eventually called "the Renaissance." Renaissance is a French word that means "rebirth." The Renaissance began in northern Italy and then spread through Europe. Italian cities such as Naples, Genoa, and Venice became centers of trade between Europe and the Middle East. Nicolo Machiavelli was one of the most influential writers of the Renaissance. He believed Italy could not be united unless its leader was ruthless. In 1513, he wrote The Prince, where he advised rulers to be kind only of it suited their purposes. Otherwise, he warned, it is better to be feared than loved. Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 in the village of Vinci. His name means Leonardo of Vinci. Leonardo began his career working for a master painter in Florence. By 1478, Leonardo left his master and set up his own workshop. People have been trying to guess the secret behind the smile of Leonardo's Mona Lisa ever since he painted it about 1505. ...read more.

Middle

Copernicus was born on 19th February 1473 in the city of Torun and died on 24th May 1543. He was a Renaissance astronomer and the first person to formulate that the sun was in the middle of the solar system and the other planets were orbiting it. He created a concept of a universe in which the distances of the planets from the sun bore a direct relationship to the size of their orbits. At the time Copernicus's heliocentric idea was very controversial; nevertheless, it was the start of a change in the way the world was viewed, and Copernicus came to be seen as the initiator of the Scientific Revolution.The Printing press is a machine. It is used to make many copies of identical pages. The printing press today is used to print Books and Newspapers. Today everything is done automatically. When the printing press was invented by by Johannes Gutenberg, he had to put letters together. Each letter was in a block of metal, which was fixed in a frame. He could then move paper and ink move paper and ink over it, much like a stamp. ...read more.

Conclusion

Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the Father of Modern Science". In 1609, Galileo heard about the invention of the telescope in Holland. Without having seen an example, he constructed a superior version and made many astronomical discoveries. These included mountains and valleys on the surface of the moon, sunspots and the four largest moons of the planet Jupiter and the phases of the planet Venus. His work on astronomy made him famous and he was appointed court mathematician in Florence. Johannes Gutenberg was born c 1398 and died on 3rd February 1468. He was a german blacksmith and an inventor. His invention of mechanical movable type printing started the Printing Revolution and is widely regarded as the most important event of the modern period. It played a key role in the development of the Renaissance, Reformation, the Age of Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution. ________________ BBC website (http:www.bbchistoryfamouspeople.co.uk/columbus)-used 22/02/12 mrdowling website (http:www.mrdowling.com)-used 22/02/12 Wikipedia website (http:whttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_newton)-used 23/02/12 Wikipedia website (http:whttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Gutenberg)-used 23/02/12 Wikipedia website (http:whttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_printing_press)-used 24/02/12 Plato Stanford website (http://plato.stanford.edu/)-used 24/02/12. You will have to type in Copernicus in the Search the SEP box. Wikipedia website (http:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_vinci/_michelangelo)-used 25/02/12 ...read more.

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