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Research into Walt Disney

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Introduction

http://www.justdisney.com/walt_disney/biography/w_bio_short.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walt_Disney's_Production_of_Propaganda_for_the_US_Government_During_World_War_II Walt Disney was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago Illinois. Walt had very early interests in art, he would often sell drawings to neighbours to make extra money. He pursued his art career, by studying art and photography at McKinley High School in Chicago. Disney became the cartoonist for the school newspaper. His cartoons were very patriotic, focusing on World War I. Disney dropped out of high school and attempted to enlist for military service. However, he was rejected because he was only sixteen years old at the time. Instead, Walt joined the Red Cross and was sent overseas to France, where he spent a year driving an ambulance and chauffeuring Red Cross officials. His ambulance was covered not with stock camouflage, but with Disney cartoons. In 1918, once Walt returned from France, he began to pursue a career in commercial art. He started a small company called Laugh-O-Grams, which eventually fell bankrupt. ...read more.

Middle

The Navy first requested 90,000 feet of film to be ready in three months. The purpose of these films was to educate sailors on navigation tactics. This was a shock for Disney, as he was used to creating 27,000 feet of film in a year. Therefore, Over 90% of Disney employees were devoted to the production of creating propaganda. Throughout the duration of the war, Disney produced over 400,000 feet of educational war films, which is equal to 68 hours of continuous film. Aerology film production requested Disney to produce a propaganda film for air warfare. Disney came up with "Victory Through Air Power" . The characters in the animated film humorously tells about the development of air warfare and then switches to the Major illustrating how his ideas could win the war for the allies. Disney created "The New Spirit" after a request from the Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau, Jr, to make Americans accept the payment of income taxes. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although these films were originally intended for servicemen, they were released to theaters because of their popularity. The Disney studios also created inexpensive package films, containing collections of cartoon shorts, and issued them to theaters during this period. The most notable and successful of these were Saludos Amigos, its sequel The Three Caballeros, Fun and Fancy Free, and The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad, The latter had only two sections: the first based on The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving, and the second based on The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame. During this period, Disney also ventured into full-length dramatic films that mixed live action and animated scenes, including Song of the South and So Dear to My Heart. Walt Disney was a legend and a hero of the 20th century. His worldwide popularity was based upon his imagination, optimism, creation, and success. He let us enjoy the present, brought us closer to the future, while telling us of the past. It is certain, that there will never be such as great a man, as Walt Disney. Carina Rocca 11ASE ...read more.

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