• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Revision Notes on the Berlin Wall

Extracts from this document...


The Berlin Wall Background information * Berlin was an important battle ground of the Cold War. * It was the Capital of Germany. * It was divided into 2 sectors: the East and West. Why was the Berlin wall built? * The crushing of the Hungarian uprising gave a message that it was impossible to defeat the Communist. The only way to escape was to leave. * Other reasons for people to leave Eastern Europe include: economic reasons and the low standard of living (enticed to live in a Capitalist state where the standard of living was much higher). ...read more.


In the 1950s East Germans were able to do so; however, in the late 1950s, many people were leaving and not coming back. * Many people who left were very skilled and qualified. The Communist government could not afford to lose these people. Furthermore, in Khrushchev's point of view, many people who left undermined Communism completely. * In 1961, JF Kennedy was appointed as the President of America. * Khrushchev thought that he could bully the inexperienced Kennedy to withdraw US troops from Berlin. He was wrong. The Berlin wall * At 2am on the 13th August 1961, East German soldiers erected a barbed wire along the boarder of East and West Berlin. ...read more.


Reaction from the West * Access to East Berlin was guaranteed to the Allies since 1945. * In 1961, US diplomats and troops crossed regularly into East Berlin to see hoe the Soviets would react. * On 27th October, Soviet tanks pulled to Checkpoint Charlie and refused to allow excess to the East. All day, US and Soviet tanks faced each other in a stand-off. After 18 ours, the tanks retreated one by one. Result of the Berlin wall * Khrushchev ordered Ulbricht to avoid any actions that increased tension. * The US thought that the wall was not a nice solution, but it was much better than war. * The wall stayed and for the next three decades, remained a symbol of division between the Communist East and Capitalist West. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    to continue invading China and also use Nuclear weapons * In March 1951 Mac Arthur ignored UN instructions and attacked China, President Truman removed him from his position * In June 1951 peace talks began but bitter fighting continued * In 1952 Truman was replaced with Eisenhower and who wanted

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Thus, relations were worsened and detente was broken. Another key feature was that USA supplied the Mujahedeen- Muslim rebels in Afghanistan- with the necessary resources for War. This way they were not directly intervening.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    He refused to let the same mistakes as the ?treaty of Versailles? take place again. Churchill still a staunch opponent of the Bolshevik revolution and he was suspicious of Stalin?s motives in eastern Europe. He was convinced that Soviet troops would remain in countries they liberated from the Germans.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    a centrally planned socialist economy - founded on the principles of Marxism - Liberal democracy - citizens have right to elect government - Citizens granted certain basic civil rights - Most elements of economy privately owned - profit is spent or reinvested and the economy expands and more jobs are

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work