• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Rise of Nazism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Essay Question: To what extent was Hitler's rise to power in 1933 due to the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic? Hitler's rise and acquisition of power in 1933 was a milestone in Germany's history and is considered one of the most amazing feats in history. Historians have long argued over the factors attributing to his success, however, I agree with the statement that "Hitler's rise to power in 1933 due to the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic" to a large extent. First and foremost, one of the most commonly cited factor to explain Hitler's rise is the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic. Indeed, the disadvantages of the Republic were evident from the start and many have argued that it may have been doomed from the beginning. As asserted by Norman Lowe, there was a "lack of respect for democratic government" in Germany right from the beginning. Indeed, after coming under autocratic rule for centuries, the German people were used to this form of political leadership as well as having a central figure to look up to and take commands from. As such, this made the general German political mindset very constricted, thereby making many Germans unable to adapt to democracy. This was worsened by the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which many Germans associated with defeat and dishonor on the Republic's part and could "never forgive it for that" (Lowe). ...read more.

Middle

The Nazis, with their strong anti-Communist stand, naturally gained the support of many landowners and businessmen. As aforementioned, Hitler's prejudice against the Jews struck a chord in many Germans and the Nazi's social policies, such as better pensions and reducing unemployment, appealed to the common man and also many traditional socialists. Lastly, Hitler had used the signing of the Treaty of Versailles as one of his main areas to garner support. The Nazis proclaimed that they would abolish the Treaty of Versailles, that they felt unfairly punished Germany. Evidently, this was a popular policy for many Germans. Through propaganda, the German population started feeling that the Weimar Republic was indeed wrong to sign the Treaty of Versailles and therefore blamed all evils such as inflation due to reparations on the Weimar Republic. Thus, as shown from the numerous examples above, the German population, provided fertile ground and ample opportunities for Hitler to exploit their fears, sentiments and beliefs to gain their support and finally rise to power. Finally, the strength of the Nazi leader - Adolf Hitler, especially in terms of his personality and leadership abilities as well as his strategies and propaganda he used to garner support was vital in resulting in the rise of Nazism. Hitler left WWI disillusioned and bitter. He felt the war had ended too soon and that the Weimar Republic betrayed Germany out by agreeing to the Treaty of Versailles. ...read more.

Conclusion

In fact, if one looks at the above 3 factors, it is arguable that Hitler's strength as well as the fears, beliefs and sentiments of the German population were in fact a manifestation of the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic. As mentioned above, one of the main strengths of Hitler and reason as to why he was able to rise to power was because he was able to p exploit the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic. These weaknesses gave him the fertile ground and ample opportunities for him to propagate the people with his ideologies and gain their support. This is substantiated by Stephen Lee, who wrote, "without the economic crisis, it is doubtful whether Hitler would have had much chance of attaining power". Indeed, without the widespread discontent and unhappiness of the people due largely in part to the weaknesses of the Weimar, Hitler would not have had the chance to rise to power. Furthermore, it was because the people had lost faith in the Weimar, and were unsure of whether it could do things like keep the Communist threat in control or provide peace, bread and land that the Nazis promised, that there existed the abovementioned fears, sentiments and beliefs of the people which Hitlr could exploit. Therefore I agree to a large extent that Hitler's rise to power was indeed due to the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic and not because of Hitler's strengths. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. The weak Weimar government was a major factor in Hitler rise to power, however ...

    if they cant control his actions, the decision was made and the future would now be Hitler the chancellor of Germany, a dictator. Both these long and short-term causes were necessary and extremely significant to contributing to Hitler's rise to power, by making Hitler higher as chancellor, with more authority than ever before.

  2. Was the Weimar Republic Doomed From the Start? 1919-23

    The results of the treaty were in fact better than presumed, as although deeply dishonoured and scarred, Germany remained diplomatically strong and if united had the potential to quickly regain power and status. This was then proved with the signing of the Treaty of Rapollo in 1922, with the Soviet Union, making Germany the most dominant power in Eastern Europe.

  1. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    Goebbels also controlled the Media. No books were published without his permission. Goebbels also controlled Newspapers so no Anti-Nazi articles were printed. All films had to carry a pro-Nazi message. Posters all about the success of the Nazis and attacking opponents were plastered everywhere.

  2. "How influential was Hitler's role in the rise of the Nazi Party 1920-1933?"

    Given responsibility for publicity and propaganda, Hitler first succeeded in attracting over a hundred people to a meeting in held October at which he delivered his first speech to a large audience. The meeting was a great success, and subsequently in February 1920 he organised a much larger event for a crowd of nearly two thousand in Munich.

  1. Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

    The parties concerned were extremists, mostly Right wing, and they weren't getting the majority of the vote. There were so many parties that it was impossible for any of them to obtain the majority without putting a coalition into place.

  2. The NaziState, Economy and Society.

    Unemployment had fallen to 1.6 million from 6 million in 1933. The very real threat of a balance of payments crisis caused Schacht to call for cuts in the programme of rearmourment in 1936. From now on Schacht was sidelined.

  1. Anti -Semitism

    However if he was any good at his job his role as a historian would have over ruled his feelings. Because of this, it is my opinion that the reason why Daniel Goldhagen made these false allegations was a much more innocent one than suggested above.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    blond hair, blue eyes) because they believed they were pure. People?s Germany (the Volk) They wanted all Aryan Germans to feel part of the community. [n] How did the Nazis Really Ran Germany? 1. The SS ran by Heinrich Himmler became very important in Nazi Germany during the 1930?s 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work