• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury - Foreign Affairs and "Splendid Isolation"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Salisbury 1886 - 1902 Salisbury was much more interested in foreign than in domestic affairs. The phrase "splendid isolation" has sometimes been used to describe his policy. However, on closer examination of his policy one can see that this term does not show that he followed a path of isolationism, of cutting him and Britain off from the affairs of the world outside. He was Prime Minister, as well as Foreign Secretary. Mediterranean Agreement 1887 within a year of taking office Salisbury had negotiated this agreement with Italy, pledging British support in a war with France, and supporting Italy and Austria in the event of a conflict with Russia in the Balkans. The Balkans Salisbury played a major role in berlin in 1878. ...read more.

Middle

In order that the Euro powers should not engage in a series of wars as they tried to aquire areas of influence in China, Salisbury arranged with Germany, Russia, and France that each should have certain areas as spheres of influence. Burma Continued the expansion, when in 1886 the British conquered the remainder of Burma and in 1896 forced the ruler of Siam to grant to British spheres of influence in both North and South Siam. The USA 1892 Salisbury agreed to submit to arbitration the dispute which existed between the USA and Britain over the sea fishing rights in the Bering Straits. Tribunal rejected the USA's claims and agreed that British seal fishers were entitled to fish in the Straits. In 1880 - USA and Britain jointly build a canal across the isthmus of Panama. ...read more.

Conclusion

He had no desire to enter into any foreign alliances with any power which is probably why many have described his policy as "splendid isolation". However, the events of the Boer war showed that britain could not afford to stand aloof from the system of alliances that was dividing europe. If Britain had struggled to beat a small number of dutch farmers, what would have happened if Germany had sent a whole army. Chamberlain was eager to make a formal alliance with Germany and the USA which would have created an Anglo-Saxon alliance, but these overtures were rejected. Britain therefore signed an alliance with Japan in 1902 which gave Japan a free hand to expand into the far east which gave britain an anti russian ally in case of a war between the two. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Question 3. What problems will have to be

    The Arab-Israeli dispute is a conflict about land, but maybe just as crucially the water, which flows through that land. The countries need water to survive and develop. In Israel's history, it has needed water to make possible the entry of huge numbers of Jewish immigrants, therefore, on the borders

  2. Key points on GERMAN REARMAMENT & FOREIGN POLICY

    QUESTION ANSWER NOTES Why was the US government concerned by events in Cuba in 1961? How did President Kennedy try to overthrow Castro's government? Why did the Russians plan to build nuclear missile sites on Cuba? How did Kennedy react to the news of Russian missile bases on Cuba?

  1. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    while the old elite was practically eliminated (the luckier members of the old elite were exiled).34 This was an imperative step for Duvalier as Estim�'s overthrow originated from a complaining elite. He learned from Estim�'s mistakes. Duvalier played on his own experience as well.

  2. Explain the part played by external pressure (for example, economic sanctions and international isolation ...

    rand which forced the government to close stock exchange because of boycott on iron and steel. All the economic sanctions affected the lives of both the Black and White South Africans. Employment became a big problem because people had no jobs to do and the people who did had a very low wage.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Gorbachev introduced his reform Glasnost meaning ?openness?. This new policy allowed people to have freedom of speech, freedom to travel etc. He did not use armed forces to prevent members from leaving the Warsaw Pact as he believed that the way to rejuvenate socialism should be by introducing a degree of liberalism.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    - Kennedy publicy accepted the first and privately accepted the second Impact - Placed communism on American doorstep - Reduced the bargaining power of the USSR in negotiatons with the West - Brought to the US reconsiderations about theories about nuclear war - Robert McNamara concluded that nuclear weapons could

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work