• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury - Foreign Affairs and "Splendid Isolation"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Salisbury 1886 - 1902 Salisbury was much more interested in foreign than in domestic affairs. The phrase "splendid isolation" has sometimes been used to describe his policy. However, on closer examination of his policy one can see that this term does not show that he followed a path of isolationism, of cutting him and Britain off from the affairs of the world outside. He was Prime Minister, as well as Foreign Secretary. Mediterranean Agreement 1887 within a year of taking office Salisbury had negotiated this agreement with Italy, pledging British support in a war with France, and supporting Italy and Austria in the event of a conflict with Russia in the Balkans. The Balkans Salisbury played a major role in berlin in 1878. ...read more.

Middle

In order that the Euro powers should not engage in a series of wars as they tried to aquire areas of influence in China, Salisbury arranged with Germany, Russia, and France that each should have certain areas as spheres of influence. Burma Continued the expansion, when in 1886 the British conquered the remainder of Burma and in 1896 forced the ruler of Siam to grant to British spheres of influence in both North and South Siam. The USA 1892 Salisbury agreed to submit to arbitration the dispute which existed between the USA and Britain over the sea fishing rights in the Bering Straits. Tribunal rejected the USA's claims and agreed that British seal fishers were entitled to fish in the Straits. In 1880 - USA and Britain jointly build a canal across the isthmus of Panama. ...read more.

Conclusion

He had no desire to enter into any foreign alliances with any power which is probably why many have described his policy as "splendid isolation". However, the events of the Boer war showed that britain could not afford to stand aloof from the system of alliances that was dividing europe. If Britain had struggled to beat a small number of dutch farmers, what would have happened if Germany had sent a whole army. Chamberlain was eager to make a formal alliance with Germany and the USA which would have created an Anglo-Saxon alliance, but these overtures were rejected. Britain therefore signed an alliance with Japan in 1902 which gave Japan a free hand to expand into the far east which gave britain an anti russian ally in case of a war between the two. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain the part played by external pressure (for example, economic sanctions and international isolation ...

    Countries gain lots of benefits by sharing their ideas with other countries. Sharing ideas with other countries also adds to their security and prosperity. The most important union of countries is the UNs and also the commonwealth is an important organization made up of the ex British Empire which helped members through trade, aid and training.

  2. Key points on GERMAN REARMAMENT & FOREIGN POLICY

    Why was the Soviet Union determined to keep Hungary as a satellite state? Explain why the Hungarian Uprising took place in 1956. What were the aims of the Hungarian leader Imre Nagy? Why did the Hungarian Uprising fail? INTERNATIONAL HISTORY 1900-1949 KEY POINTS FOR LEARNING THE CUBAN MISILE CRISIS KP9

  1. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    About 60 000 Haitians were killed by the Macoutes. 32 In addition to creating the Tonton Macoutes Duvalier dismissed his entire general staff and replaced old officers with young, more loyal ones.33 Duvalier then decided to create a new more supportive elite in the country. Through bribery, corruption and intimidation he succeeded in creating a new one with Duvalierists

  2. Question 3. What problems will have to be

    The Arab-Israeli dispute is a conflict about land, but maybe just as crucially the water, which flows through that land. The countries need water to survive and develop. In Israel's history, it has needed water to make possible the entry of huge numbers of Jewish immigrants, therefore, on the borders

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    October - If Soviet ships entered this zone immediate action would be taken - 10.25am ships turned away - Kennedy received two messages from Khrushchev - first agreed to destruction of missile bases if US would not invade cuba in future - second demanded USA also withdrew missiles from Turkey

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    The Test Ban Treaty was signed to limit the testing of nuclear weapons to underground only ? not in outer space. The superpowers were intent on slowing down the Arms Race so as to prevent the threat of Nuclear War ever getting so serious again after the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work