• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Roosevelt and The New Deal

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History coursework: The USA Roosevelt and The New Deal 1. How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932? Although Roosevelt did do a lot to promote himself, he was not wholly responsible for his election victory in 1932. The general feeling of the time was not a good one, as Hoover, the current President was doing nothing to help his people out of the Depression, which had occurred as result of the Wall Street Crash in 1929. Until 1932, Hoover refused to accept that there was a major problem. The current government of the time was made up of Republicans, who believed in the policy of laissez-faire (let it be). They believed that people should be left to sort out their own problems; however, it was help from the government that they actually needed. Even though Hoover continually insisted that 'prosperity is just around the corner', he did little to help his people towards this. As Hoover and his government did not do much to help those hit by the Depression, many people ended up living in poverty. Shanty towns called 'Hoovervilles' emerged, which managed to show the ordinary people's contempt for their leader. Hoover also didn't do much to increase employment amongst those living in squalor. In 1932, 13 million people were out of work and evictions became more common. ...read more.

Middle

This made Roosevelt incredibly furious; however, he had to back down and accept the decision made by the Court. He also asked the Court to allow him to appoint six new judges who were more sympathetic to the New Deal. This shocked many people, as it seemed that Roosevelt was trying to attack the American system of government. In the end, his plan was rejected; however, the Supreme Court was able to see that Roosevelt was not frightened of them, and that he wouldn't be afraid to challenge them again. So, even though there were quite a few groups that opposed Roosevelt, the strength of this opposition was not strong enough to overcome him. This is shown by the fact that he continued to win elections with landslide victories, proving that even though there were those who opposed it, the majority of American people supported the New Deal in favour of the Republican policy of laissez-faire. This is also shown by the fact that Roosevelt won 42 out of the 48 states and the fact that he was elected President four times. Roosevelt knew how much opposition he had to face; however, he also knew that the majority of people were with him. In a quote that sums up what he thought of the opposition he faced, he said, "Everybody's against me except the electorate."3 3. ...read more.

Conclusion

This led the country through a recession in 1937, which lost Roosevelt a fair amount of popularity. A few middle-class voters lost their confidence in him; however, he was still hugely popular with most of the ordinary Americans. The only other person that was faced with the problems that Roosevelt had to face was Hoover, and it is obvious to see that Roosevelt tackled the problems in a much better way. The New Deal he gave to the ordinary people gave them hope, as it meant that they received the help they needed, and this was unlike the policy of laissez-faire that Hoover adopted. Unlike Hoover, Roosevelt managed to restore faith in the ordinary Americans, and he also partly managed to solve the problem of mass unemployment, even though it was World War Two that brought it to a near end. This was much better than anything that Hoover attempted to do. Therefore, we can say that the statement is quite accurate, as the New Deal was partly a success, but the influence of World War Two had a greater impact on the lives of the ordinary people, as it was what put an end to mass unemployment in the country. The New Deal was not a complete failure, as we have to keep in mind that the situation Roosevelt received was not that great. He had to deal with mass unemployment and a disheartened attitude from the American citizens, and it is clear that Roosevelt managed to improve both these things while he was in office. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    He is presented as positive, confident, energetic, happy, strong and using his legs properly. Each of these traits can be analysed separately. He is seen smiling which implies he is looking forward to helping America recover from the Depression and has a positive attitude towards this help.

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    In conclusion each of these three American cartoons published in early to mid 1930's provide a very definite view of FDR. They are either positive towards FDR or negative towards FDR. They are definitely not neutral. Source E tells us that FDR is a careless, uneducated, idiotic, slave driving man

  1. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    These retaliation tariffs were catastrophic for American businesses. Industries had no way to sell their stockpiles of excess stock overseas, hence causing a further fall in prices one the already over saturated home market. Roosevelt's actions in taking the dollar off the gold standard somewhat helped the issue, yet he

  2. History coursework: Was the New Deal successful?

    The cartoon says that the New Deal isn't working, but is wasting money. The taxpayer has to pay for the New Deal unnecessarily. This cartoon is therefore against Roosevelt. Source F is a cartoon published in 1933 and it shows Roosevelt 'getting rid of the rubbish' from the White House.

  1. How successful was the new deal? Explain why Roosevelt Introduced the New Deal?

    It was successful in 2 ways: Firstly it provided over $1 billion for spending on the New Deal. Secondly it made FDR and the New Deal very popular. FDR became very popular when on then 20th march 1933 he passed the beer act, which put a long awaited end to prohibition.

  2. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal - How successful was Roosevelt's New ...

    The Supreme Court declared that the NRA had no right to meddle in the New York poultry trade and that it was not their affair to deal with such matters and that it was for the state government to investigate. The brothers were acquitted and the code was declared illegal.

  1. Free essay

    Why did Roosevelt face conflicts with so many groups over his New Deal plans?

    than a president because he was trying to enforce laws upon people and states within America rather than them being passed by commissions or the individual states, he was basically trying to control America singlehandedly rather than with support from the government and laws being passed by the supreme court,

  2. Depression and The New Deal

    Wall Street is the home to the US Stock Exchange where shares and stocks are bought and sold daily. It is a street in New York. Shares after the Crash had become worthless and people who bought "on the margin" could not pay their debts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work