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Roosevelt and the New Deal

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Introduction

History Coursework Roosevelt and the New Deal 1. How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932? Explain your answer. In 1932, Roosevelt won the presidential election again Herbert Hoover. Roosevelt's election victory was a landslide. He won 472 electoral votes to Hoover's 59. This was a landslide victory. There are many reasons why Roosevelt won this election and also why the opposition lost it. Roosevelt was an educated, successful student at Harvard University and Columbia law school. In 1910 Roosevelt was elected to the New York Senate. As well as this, Roosevelt's abilities were brought to the attention of President Woodrow Wilson and in 1913 he appointed him as assistant secretary of the navy, a post he held for the next six years. In 1920 the Democrat candidate for president, James Cox, selected Roosevelt as his running mate. The Republican, Warren Harding, won the election by a wide margin. However, Roosevelt was considered by many to have been an effective campaigner and was picked out as a future president. With all his achievements, Roosevelt was given a good foundation of experience for his upcoming presidential election. Roosevelt was known for his strong character as he managed to achieve all his goals with his severe disability of being paralysed from the waist down by poliomyelitis. People related to him as being a down to earth man who was easy to relate to. This was because people believed that after his trouble, he would understand the problems of others in trouble. ...read more.

Middle

Huey Long was also opposing Roosevelt however he was from the Democratic Party. He was nicknamed 'The Kingfish' and was the governor pf the state of Louisiana. He wanted to replace Roosevelt. He had a 'Share our Wealth' campaign which promised to confiscate all personal fortunes over 3 million dollars so that every American would receive between $4000 and $5000. He had a national popularity although was not of a great enough threat as he was eventually assassinated. Another opposition to Roosevelt was the business people. They didn't like the NLRA, National Labour Relations Act, as they believed that it preferred trade unions. However, they were not a large enough threat as like Dr Francis Townsend as he was appealing to a minority group. To conclude, it is evident that all these sources of opposition proved to be ineffective as Roosevelt still won three Presidential elections, in 1932, 1936 and 1940. However, the Supreme Court did have some effect on Roosevelt's New Deal as the NRA was found unconstitutional and so Roosevelt had to change his policies. Each opposition was targeting a different aspect of his aims and guidelines and so were unsuccessful. 3. To what extent were the policies of Roosevelt successful by 1941? The success of Roosevelt's policies can be measured by looking at his three main aims of Relief, Recovery and Reform. Each aim can be assess by looking at who did and did not benefit from them. ...read more.

Conclusion

The industrial activity decreased rapidly. However, due to WW2 employment rose once again. Reform was the laws passed to create a fairer and more just society. Women benefited as they were for the first time, taken seriously in public life. They were also given important government roles. However, women had a partial success. Not all women benefited from reform. Married women weren't allowed to work and had to stay at home. Women were not equal in 1930's America. This was allowed by the NRA and allowed women to be paid less than men. The FLSA was set up which gave workers more rights. Also the NRA. The NRA wasn't compulsory although it was recommended. However, the NRA didn't provide medical care. Black people also didn't benefit from the New Deal. Roosevelt was worried that if he supported the anti-lynching then he would lose total support from the South. It is evident that Roosevelt's polices proved successful although this was a lot to do with the start of WW2. Employment rose dramatically. This had a knock on effect on economy as more goods were in demands, there was more employment and slowly the economy returned to normal. However it was not only the war that decreased unemployment. Employment had been rising all throughout the New Deal, proving that Roosevelt was to a great extent responsible for the recovery of the American economy. To conclude, it is evident that Roosevelt played a vital part in restabilising the American economy by 1941, although the start of the war greatly helped with the incretion of employment. Imali Hettiarachchi 11B ...read more.

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