• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


ROOSEVELT AND THE NEW DEAL - (THE FIRST NEW DEAL) - 1933-35 Introduction: Whilst Hoover was President, the depression kept getting worse. By 1933 some cities were without power as the power companies went bankrupt. Virtually every bank had closed. America was in chaos. Roosevelt had won the election of 1932 but he actually became President in 1933. He said that the only thing 'to fear is fear itself'. By this he meant that things would get better if people took positive action and did not let their fears hold them back by causing panic and chaos (e.g. in the banking system). Roosevelt thought that the fight against the depression was like fighting a war. Consequently, he used the Trading with the Enemy Act (passed during World War 1) which allowed him to change the law without asking Congress. Roosevelt was determined to take positive action to restore peoples' confidence in the economy - this was the New Deal. Aims of the New Deal: Roosevelt took positive action by establishing the Federal Government Alphabet Agencies. ...read more.


The creation of new jobs meant more people had more money. They would spend this money and so demand would increase. Consequently, businesses needed to employ more people and so even more people would have more money - demand would increase again etc......! Alphabet Agencies Helping the Unemployed Roosevelt set up FERA and the PWA. FERA had $500 million dollars to give aid to the hungry and homeless. The PWA was designed to create work for skilled unemployed industrial workers by starting public works schemes such as building roads and bridges. FERA - FERA was meant to give the unemployed aid but the official in charge, Harry Hopkins, believed that people should not receive free benefit as it took their pride away, stopped them practicing their skills, and prevented them from doing socially useful things. Therefore, Hopkins used FERA money to set up the CWA. CWA Good Points: The CWA found work for 4 million people paying them up to $1 an hour for skilled jobs (40cents for unskilled workers). These jobs meant more people had more money and so demand increased. ...read more.


Millions of trees were planted, fire look-out posts were built, and trees were treated for disease. The young men were paid $1 a day and had to send $25 of their earnings back to their families each month so they could spend it. This, in turn, would increase demand. The CCC, therefore, was both good for the environment and the economy. It was also good as it taught the young men skills. TVA Good Points: The TVA successfully solved America's biggest environmental problem and created thousands of long-term jobs at the same time. The Tennessee river often flooded and so was gradually eroding the usually dry land. This made the land unfertile and farmers suffered as less food was produced. This was a major problem as such a large area was affected. The TVA built 21 dams to stop the flooding and in so doing created thousands of jobs. Many other jobs were then created as the new reservoirs behind the dams provided work (e.g. Hydro-electric plants were built to make cheap electricity - they needed workers - see your separate sheet for other details). By 1940 the Tennessee Valley was a prosperous area as so many people were in work all businesses benefited. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. What was the most significant aspect of Roosevelt's Presidency and the New Deal?

    Its purpose was to bring the country back to its previous booming economic wealth; the Recovery aspect included the Emergency Banking Relief, Federal security act, Federal Emergency relief and many more. The Recovery aspect was to provide instant help for the American public and get them back on their feet.

  2. The New Deal

    It also set a minimum wage. It was declared unconstitutional later on. In conclusion, all these features are linked to Roosevelt's overall aim which was to bring America out of depression. These features were liked because in order to achieve his overall aim, Roosevelt had to first solve the problems that the depression created which were,

  1. Was the New Deal a success

    She was Secretary of Labour in Roosevelt New Deal government in the 1930s. Source K is for Roosevelt, which is because it says 'the New Deal meant that ordinary people would have a better chance in life'. This shows that people thought that Roosevelt had done a good thing by

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    The fact that it is a scarecrow wearing ragged and torn clothes shows us, I believe, that Hoover's 'rugged individualism' had worked the American population too hard and starved them of support and reducing them to poor, weak men who wear torn clothes and cannot support themselves anymore.

  1. Source Analysis OCR: Was the New Deal a Success?

    The sources vary as to which interpretation they support. To start with, Source A. Source A was from before the New Deal, so it lacks relevance; it just states Roosevelt's intentions. However it does give us an insight as to how committed Roosevelt is going to be to the New

  2. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    This scheme did do some useful work such as building roads, but many of the jobs, such as sweeping up leaves in parks or getting out-of-work actors to give free shows, simply gave people something to do. Another example of an unnecessary scheme could be the WPA.

  1. T.Roosevelt and the New Deal.

    It had become clear in 1934 that recovery from the Depression was partial and slow. The new public works programmes, for example, were still not absorbing a large enough percentage of the unemployed (see right). In addition, there were still many areas of American life that the Roosevelt government wanted to reform.

  2. How successful was the New Deal insolving the problems of the depression in the ...

    Gov shouldn't support trade union, the market should do so. TVA put private companies under pressure. FDR was behaving like a dictator. The wealthy worked hard for the money they receive but the poor receive money for not working. The wealthy thought this was very unfair.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work