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Roosevelt Sources Questions

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Introduction

AMEIRCAN HISTORY COURSEWORK. 1) At the time when Roosevelt was running for president, had gained a lot of supporters because of in speeches he was very charismatic and energetic and had persuaded the American people that he would help America from the situation they were in. America was hit with the depression and was in desperate circumstances to get out of it. He had promised them a New Deal, which would help America to get back on its feet and will benefit all the workers. At the time the President was Hoover. Being a Republican his beliefs were that everyone should help themselves and the government should not play a part in helping. The wealthier were able to live out a normal life, but the middle class and workers had suffered greatly, which had led to homelessness and unemployment. Roosevelt was a Democrat and had completely opposite views to the Republicans. He believed that the government should use all the power and money it has to help the workers with their problems such as unemployment. He unlike Hoover offered hope to most Americans that with his help he can bring back America to normality. Hoover not offering any hope gained Roosevelt a lot of supporters than he may have expected. 2) Source B is in favour of Roosevelt. He was either a democrat or a supporter of Roosevelt or had benefited from the New Deal. He clearly only makes comments on Roosevelt's good points such as the point where the person says how Roosevelt had helped America immensely with the depression and how hard and well he did to try to solve the problem of unemployment. The person who wrote this doesn't mention a failure or any type of crisis that Roosevelt may have. The person speaks as if America has been totally freed from the depression and Roosevelt has solved everything. The personal finally mentions although it may have seemed to some people that Roosevelt was trying to be a dictator, but this was not true at all because the public would have not continually voting for him to stay as president. ...read more.

Middle

Not everyone may have got the same outcome as that woman had. Therefore it only has the opinion of one person and of course you cannot base that one persons opinion as the publics voice. Q6) Source J is without a doubt portraying a negative view of the New Deal: 'The New Deal hurt us'. The man writing this believes that the New Deal has left America in a worse condition that it had been in the past. He mocks Roosevelt's methods to help American citizens: 'Welfare kills a mans initiative.' The person who wrote this was a wealthy businessman. He must have worked all his life, for what he had earned, and expects that if others try they will be able to achieve to his level. He cannot understand with the situation the other American citizens were in, and cannot comprehend the fact that even if he 'made' it in life others could not. As a rich man, this person was obviously expected to pay the high taxes the New Deal enforced. This may have caused hatred towards the New Deal, therefore is why he possessed nothing but negativity towards the subject. In his view, he had to give up his hard-earned money to people who couldn't be bothered to work. The main reason S B Fuller is against the New Deal is his life experience; he had to work for everything he possessed, so he expected others to do so. Despite this view being slightly stubborn it holds importance, as it is likely that many other businessmen agreed with this outlook of the New Deal. Source I praises Roosevelt and his New Deal for what it has achieved. The main influence for Frances Perkins' view on the New Deal was her career position. She was obviously attempting to appeal to the ordinary American citizens, 'these people were desperate', and as she believed they needed more government help than the rich. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rich businessmen soon found themselves paying high taxes to fund Roosevelt's schemes; for this they despised the New Deal, ultimately deciding their view on it. Source J shows us that many people, mainly consisting of businessmen, thought the government was wrong to provide relief: 'Welfare kills a man's initiative.' They conceivably possessed this view as they earned what they owned with hard work, they expected others to follow this example. Others thought government relief was necessary for the rehabilitation of America: 'The idea was that all the forces of the community should be directed to making life better for ordinary people.' These conflicting beliefs all stemmed from different experiences. The New Deal proved the saying that 'anything new is controversial'. The New Deal lived up to its name as it was completely new, no one new what to expect, and for this it was supported and criticised. Roosevelt always had support, however, he always did have critics. Some people were impartial but there would always be contradicting views on the subject. Many critics say that even after the New Deal was introduced unemployment still rose in 1937. Despite this, Roosevelt's supporters would state the fact that without the New Deal it would have raised at a more rapid rate. Even thought the welfare did not ultimately solve the depression, Roosevelt helped raised the spirits of the American citizens. As we can see from all the evidence given, every single person was affected by the Depression and the formation of the New Deal. What we can also see, is that the reason for the disagreement over the establishment of the New Deal is that all the different groups had different things they wanted to get out of it. Historians are not able to agree on it because the sources are so biased towards each other. Therefore, there were diverse views on it, some liked it because they were obviously benefiting from it, but others despised it, as they were not gaining from it. . ...read more.

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