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Roosevelt, the 1932 election and the New deal. Source based questions.

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Introduction

Question 1 Use source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election. FDR encouraged listeners to support him by tell them how serious he considered Americas problems to be, and how dedicated he would be to solving them and giving American people a better way of life. He was dedicated to solving the unemployment, homelessness, Hoovervilles and breadline problems. In Source A he says 'this is more than a political campaign, it is a call to arms...win in this crusade to restore America.' He was good at making powerful speeches, and showed how committed he would be. He talked of how he would use everything in his power to get America back on its feet. After having HH do nothing in the depression, and just watch peoples lives get worse, FDR gave promise and hope, like a fresh new start for America, which it desperately needed. FDR also spoke to Americans as people and recognised all the problems they were having, they saw FDR as a real person, willing to get his hands dirty, instead of like a rigid politician who stays out of the way like republican HH. The words he used to show how serious he thinks the problems were, and how hard he was willing to work to solve them. 'I am waging a war against Destruction, Delay, Deceit and Despair.' These are strong words, and the word 'war' is interpreted by people as a lot of action, a fight for the country to help the people. FDR used fighting talk and this seemed like inspiration to Americans to help FDR and help themselves - they had gone a long time with no hope and no offers of hope. Question 2 Study sources B and C. How do these judgements on the New Deal differ? Sources B and C were written in 1945, after World War II. ...read more.

Middle

He says "men lost confidence in themselves" because of this. I think that he may have been worried that when the charity was taken away and men were left to fend for themselves again, they wouldn't be able to - they would grow used to the handouts and come to rely on them. Businessmen were probably against the New Deal in general because it was in favour of paying fair wages, charging fair price, not using child or sweated labour, and basically causing them to make less money. Their profits would have been cut down and they didn't want that, so they would have been supporters of Hoover and his Laissez-faire attitude because it let them get on with their businesses without interference. Because of this, Fuller is likely to be very biased. Source K was in favour of the New Deal, she liked the fact that ordinary people could be given a "better chance in life" because they had lost everything in the depression. Even though the rich had also been hit hard, they still had something left to live on. However this source is not entirely reliable because Perkins worked for Roosevelt and was in charge of employment. She would not work for him unless she was a supporter of his. This means she would say that the New Deal was good and effective because if she did not then she would be saying that she was not good at her job. In source J Fuller says Roosevelt didn't realise that he was hurting men by giving them charity, but source K says that they realise the rich were hit hard but they still had something left. If the rich still had something left then Roosevelt would have no need to give to them. Another difference is that Fuller says that welfare kills a mans initiative, and they do not need donations, but Perkins says that the ordinary people were desperate and did need it. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means source E would have been analysing the New Deal when it had started, rather than assuming and hoping for greatness. In the mid 1930's, the New Deal had started taking affects and there were mixed feelings towards it. In 1936 the Supreme Court (republicans that didn't support Roosevelt) banned many of the alphabet agencies - this made some people lose faith in the New Deal and think it was failing. This was when source G was drawn, and that could be why it had such mixed feeling about Roosevelt's attempts at lifting America out of the depression. The Secretary of Labour in Roosevelt's New Deal government in the 1930's wrote source K, so she would be biased in favour of Roosevelt's New Deal because if she were not, then she would not have been working for him. Different groups of people got treated very differently, especially in the 1930's. People disagree if they have different experiences of life than each other, like employers and employees, or different races and genders of people. Businessmen would generally be against the New Deal because of the NRA which stopped sweated labour, got fair pay for workers, and charged reasonable prices for customers and inevitably cut employers profits. These are also the reasons employees were in favour of the New Deal - they were treated better for it. Black people on the other hand were not treated as well as white people - there were no special agencies for them. Time also changes peoples opinions, for example there was generally a lot of hope around during the hundred days when Roosevelt was taking action, getting ready to become President, but a few years later when things were not aspiring to these hopes, peoples views changed. Places of employment changed people's views too - if someone was working for Roosevelt then they would most likely support him, however unemployed people may not support him as they had hoped for jobs and been let down by him. ...read more.

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