• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Russia In Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Assignment One -Unit 3 - Russia In Revolution Jacinda Gardner Russia experienced three revolutions in the 1900's. The first in 1905, the second in March 1917 then in November 1917. The events of these revolutions saw five characteristics of modern revolution emerge. Ideology, leadership, organization, foreign influence and violence and terror were all present to a strong extent in the revolutions of 1905, and an even stronger extent in the November revolution of 1917. The ideology present in both 1905 and 1917 was the ideology of autocracy. Autocracy is when a county is led by one supreme ruler. It is much like a dictatorship except the leader (in Russia's case the tsar) inherits the throne. Russia had been governed by Tsars for decades, and was governed by Tsars until 1905, when the Tsar Nicholas II's power was diluted by the enforcement of a Duma. Autocracy in Russia came to an end in March 1917 when the tsar abdicated. Another ideology present in 1905 and 1917 was the ideology of Karl Marx, whose ideologies are summarized in source 1. ...read more.

Middle

When looking at source 3 it is evident that the extent of organization demonstrated was huge. It would have taken a lot of organizing, mainly by Trotsky and Lenin, to take over this many key places in such a short time. International influence is another characteristic that Russia experienced during its revolutionary periods to a very strong extent in each case. Nicholas wanted to extend Russia's boundaries to include Constantinople, Manchuria and Korea, places that the Japanese also wanted to conquer. On the 8th of February 1904 the Japanese attacked, and Nicholas committed Russia to war. This war lasted until May the next year. This War resulted in about 90,000 casualties, inflation and shortages of food and materials.2 Due to this strong international influence the people were discontent, leading to the first revolution in 1905. In 1914, World War I broke out, and Russia was almost immediately involved. The international influence of World War I was probably the single most important factor in the March 1917 revolution. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Stolypin's necktie.) In March 1917 the Russians exercised terror on the tsar, as they held him captive in a train outside of Petrograd until he abdicated. In November the same year, the Bolsheviks organized the terrorizing event of an armed takeover of Russia, and stayed in power by using violence and terror to counter opposition. (Source 6) All the characteristics played very important parts in the key events of the revolutions. While all the characteristics of revolution were all strongly linked to the key events of these times, the five factors were all present to a stronger extent in the November 1917 revolution. It was the biggest and most significant of the three, ideology, leadership, organization international influence and violence and terror played bigger parts in the revolution. The Russian revolutions are a major part of history, and they may not have occurred without the influence of these five characteristics of revolution being present to a strong extent. 1 TEE revision booklet 2 www.spsrtacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSjapanese.htm 3 Russia & The USSR p35 4 Op. cit. p42 5 Op. cit. p19 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. To what extent was the Revolution of February/march, in Russia 1917, due to the ...

    However, this satisfaction was short-lived, as the people soon realized that the Duma had no sufficient power or right to work as a proper parliament. This was confirmed in the Tsar's Fundamental Laws of 1906, which stated that he still remained absolute ruler of the Tsar and that the duma

  2. To what extent was the storming of the Bastille the most significant event of ...

    It may be said therefore that the 14th of July was the day on which the French Revolution truly began. After that day national guards were set up around France to control popular violence, which became intensified, and also to prevent counter-revolution; and furthermore many old municipal corporations were overthrown

  1. Why was Nicholas II able to survive the 1905 revolution but was forced to ...

    Peace, war, hunger and widespread dissatisfaction all played their parts in determining how events would unfold. The Revolution of 1905, as a relatively spontaneous event, may have had too many obstacles to overcome with such little preparation or experience. In contrast to this, the years and months preceding the 1917 February Revolution were rife with strikes and social unrest.

  2. Russia Revision Guide

    The richest people were nobles who, along with the Tsar and the Church, owned most of the land. A new class of civilians, businessmen and industrialists, was also growing rich as the government gave help to industry in the 1890s and 1900s.

  1. Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 ...

    He used his incredibly loyal army to crush any revolts around Russia and they would put down any political up rises after the Tsars secret police, the Okhrana, found out what was going on. After the war with Japan the Russian Navy had been humiliated but the army still remained very loyal, as it wasn't very involved in the conflict.

  2. In what sense did the policies of collectivization and industrialization constitute a second revolution ...

    in order to bring the people down, but using that to bring them up with the answer to the defeats- rapid industrialization.

  1. How significant a figure in the revolution of 1917 Russia was Lenin?

    He was also flexible and pragmatic and gave inspirational speeches to the people, acknowledged by Kukushkin in 1981 ?Lenin?s brilliant speeches inspired the workers and soldiers into a determined struggle.? He was extremely good at convincing people about his views and used all his many attributes to glue the party

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    His dedication can also be witnessed as he was focused around ensuring the revolution when the time came ran like clockwork. This appears obvious since ?in an effort to produce conformity he slipped back into Petrograd? therefore this shows that he was based around being ready.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work