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Russia In Revolution

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Introduction

History Assignment One -Unit 3 - Russia In Revolution Jacinda Gardner Russia experienced three revolutions in the 1900's. The first in 1905, the second in March 1917 then in November 1917. The events of these revolutions saw five characteristics of modern revolution emerge. Ideology, leadership, organization, foreign influence and violence and terror were all present to a strong extent in the revolutions of 1905, and an even stronger extent in the November revolution of 1917. The ideology present in both 1905 and 1917 was the ideology of autocracy. Autocracy is when a county is led by one supreme ruler. It is much like a dictatorship except the leader (in Russia's case the tsar) inherits the throne. Russia had been governed by Tsars for decades, and was governed by Tsars until 1905, when the Tsar Nicholas II's power was diluted by the enforcement of a Duma. Autocracy in Russia came to an end in March 1917 when the tsar abdicated. Another ideology present in 1905 and 1917 was the ideology of Karl Marx, whose ideologies are summarized in source 1. ...read more.

Middle

When looking at source 3 it is evident that the extent of organization demonstrated was huge. It would have taken a lot of organizing, mainly by Trotsky and Lenin, to take over this many key places in such a short time. International influence is another characteristic that Russia experienced during its revolutionary periods to a very strong extent in each case. Nicholas wanted to extend Russia's boundaries to include Constantinople, Manchuria and Korea, places that the Japanese also wanted to conquer. On the 8th of February 1904 the Japanese attacked, and Nicholas committed Russia to war. This war lasted until May the next year. This War resulted in about 90,000 casualties, inflation and shortages of food and materials.2 Due to this strong international influence the people were discontent, leading to the first revolution in 1905. In 1914, World War I broke out, and Russia was almost immediately involved. The international influence of World War I was probably the single most important factor in the March 1917 revolution. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Stolypin's necktie.) In March 1917 the Russians exercised terror on the tsar, as they held him captive in a train outside of Petrograd until he abdicated. In November the same year, the Bolsheviks organized the terrorizing event of an armed takeover of Russia, and stayed in power by using violence and terror to counter opposition. (Source 6) All the characteristics played very important parts in the key events of the revolutions. While all the characteristics of revolution were all strongly linked to the key events of these times, the five factors were all present to a stronger extent in the November 1917 revolution. It was the biggest and most significant of the three, ideology, leadership, organization international influence and violence and terror played bigger parts in the revolution. The Russian revolutions are a major part of history, and they may not have occurred without the influence of these five characteristics of revolution being present to a strong extent. 1 TEE revision booklet 2 www.spsrtacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSjapanese.htm 3 Russia & The USSR p35 4 Op. cit. p42 5 Op. cit. p19 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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