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Russia's involvement in WW1 was the main reason for the March 1917 revolution - Do you agree/disagree with this statement?

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Introduction

Sam Petrook 10OWA Russia's involvement in WW1 was the main reason for the March 1917 revolution. Do you agree/disagree with this statement? One of the main results of the March 1917 revolution was the abdication of Tsar Nicolas II; nevertheless the reasons for the revolution were not brought upon immediately but years before. It was a mixture of both long and short term causes which finally brought Russia to the state of a revolution. Along with the abdication of the Tsar the setting up of the provisional government came into place, it was this that would rule the country until the next elections. Tsar Nicolas II lived in St. Petersburg and as of this had a hard job governing such a large country. It was his role to govern the whole of Russia including the many towns and villages that he had never even seen. Transport around the country was limited, there was no air transportation and main travelling roads were in bad condition. The peasants and farmers never had enough land to grow crops and only 5% of the land was suitable for farming. In fact an enormous 84% of the population of Russia were peasants, they had many grievances and complaints; they had poor farming conditions and had to survive on the little food that they were able to grow. The peasants of Russia only had a small area of land and were constantly being refused any larger farming estates they required. ...read more.

Middle

'He was incompetent and refused to understand the need to change his autocratic style of government to meet the demands of an industrial country' In 1905 there was a threat for a Revolution due to the industrial slump and the Japanese defeat. Tsar Nicolas stopped this from happening he set up the Duma which pleased the middle classes but crushed the peasants and workers. The Duma was elected by the people but still they lacked power against the Tsar. He could dissolve them at any time he wanted. All the Duma's ideas were overseen by the Tsar and were either changed or simply ignored. The people wanted a Duma so that their views could be heard and maybe there would be something done about them, but this wasn't the case. Even though the Tsar agreed to a Duma he was still a strong believer in dictatorship. It took four Dumas until the Tsar was satisfied that he could carry on ruling the country in the way that he wished to do so. This then meant that the ruling of the country would still be as poor as ever, especially with the Tsar like the man he was running it The Tsar was not prepared to share his power with anyone he still believed in his autocratic ruling that he had been chosen by G-D and he was the one to rule Russia only him. Any changes enforced on Russia were failed and the workers remained dissatisfied. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the two days that followed thousands of workers, both men and women, joined in demanding food, coal and better living conditions as well as a new government. Because of this the Tsar ordered that the demonstrations were to be put down by force. The 12th of March was a very decisive day. It changed the whole layout of the riots. The soldiers in Petrograd who were ordered to fire upon the strikers actually joined them and in some cases the regiments actually shot their officers as well. They had decided that they had had enough of the war and the way that they had been treated. The soldiers joined the strikers and the women in the streets, and marched to the Duma, and then demanded that it take control of the government. Tsar Nicholas II heard of this and tried to get back to Petrograd but it was too late. On the 15th of March the Tsar decided to abdicate. With all the evidence that is here I can not come to a decision on whether it was the war that was the main cause of the 1917 Revolution. If I had to come to a finalised conclusion though, I would more than likely say that the core of the cause of the 1917 Revolution was more than likely the war but I don't think the revolution would have come about without the extra little hiccups along the way. Also if the Tsar had been a stronger and more reliable and intelligent leader it would never, in my opinion, have come about in the first place. ...read more.

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