• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Russian Revolution - Bloody Sunday

Extracts from this document...


Bloody Sunday Background At the beginning of the 20th century, the average Russian peasant worked around 10 hours a day. Famine was a constant threat, and farmers were completely unrepresented in any sort of parliament. Conditions in factories for industrial workers were extremely harsh, and little concern was shown for workers health and safety. The tsarist government's policy of political repression brought misery to the working class. Freedom of religious and political expression was denied, and the peasant class were taxed more they could afford by a government incapable of providing adequate leadership. The Russian government engineered a war against the Japanese in order to distract the Russian people from the increasing lack of government control. It was believed that by encouraging the nation to rally together in patriotic support of their country, the Tsar would be able to restore the people's faith in himself and his government. ...read more.


The purpose of the march was to present the petition to Tsar Nicholas II at his Winter Palace. There are several different accounts as to what occurred in the square outside the gates of the winter palace. The description given by Father Gapon in his autobiography "The Story of My Life", stated that the crowd moved as one, "singing in one mighty solemn voice the Tsar's hymn, "God Save thy People." The crowd, which was made up of men, women, children, and according to Gapon, several police officers, approached the gates of the palace when rows of infantry barred the road. Without any warning, the mounted officers rode upon the unarmed crowd. According to Gapon, "men, women and children dropped to the earth like logs of wood, while moans and curses filled the air." The crowd continued to move forward, and when they were around 30 metres from the gates of the palace, the soldiers opened fire on the crowd. ...read more.


The October Manifesto was the Tsar's response to the suffering of his people, but it did little to ease the problems affecting them. The Manifesto granted to the people; - Civic freedom of conscience, speech, assemblies and associations. - The election of a people's government, or Duma, voted for by the working class, for the working class. - To establish an unbreakable law stating that no law can be passed by any government without first being approved by the peoples Duma. Trotsky believed that the October Manifesto was not worth the paper it was written on. He claimed that the Manifesto held no real meaning, and though the Tsar may have given in and issued it, "Tomorrow [He] will take it away and tear it into pieces". Four days before the people's Duma took power, the Tsar passed another rule which effectively restored his ultimate power. These were called the Fundamental State Laws, and removed any trace of power that was given to the people in the October Manifesto. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Explain why there was an Industrial Revolution

    Even though some inventors were unsuccessful the inventions that did work ensured that the Industrial Revolution still benefited from them. Some causes of the Industrial Revolution are linked. One link is between two causes is the population and farming factor.

  2. Source based questions on the Russian revolutions.

    By that amount of time the wall could have natrually corroded. In addition, a photograph can easily be faked. The photo could be an overlay of some damage to a wall etched onto a photograph of that wall, we have no way to tell if it's genuine or not.

  1. Why did 'Bloody Sunday' take place?

    that if it was found there must be bits in it where the Tsar expresses his shock so he was not accused of not caring, also the information given to him was probably not the whole truth. b) How far does Source D agree with the impression of the marchers given in Source C?

  2. Dairy Extract Of A Soldier and Worker Who Marched On Bloody Sunday

    She was the first to make a sound. A long piercing scream filled the air and suddenly all of hell broke loose. The other guards began to fire randomly into the crown. One shot clipped my arm and I fell backwards.

  1. Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution ...

    This allowed peasants to buy and sell land, the catch however was that land was very expensive and many peasants couldn't afford the land. The government gave out loans to peasants, which sounded wonderful, but in reality it was a total "shambles" as it took peasants generations to pay off their debts, so in reality they still lived in poverty.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    No one will help you if you yourselves do not unite and take into your hands all affairs of state´┐Ż Get on with the job yourselves; begin right at the bottom, do not wait for anyone." (LCW, Vol. 26, p.

  1. Was the defeat in the war the real cause of the Russian Revolution

    It also had the opposite effect as it drove people away from the autocracy. Witte wanted to modernise Russia and maintain her position as a great power and to combine Western technology with the Russian autocracy. He brought in the railways, foreign investment and even persuaded the tsar to sign the October manifesto.

  2. What was bloody Sunday? Did the Czar learn from the 1905 Revolution?

    There are several indications that help suggest that they did learn something out of the revolution in 1905. Firstly, after the failure of the 1905 revolution, the Tsar had immediately appointed his troops to revenge against the people who were apart of the revolt after the publishing of the ?October manifesto?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work