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Saltaire Coursework.

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Introduction

Saltaire Coursework 1 Why was Saltaire built? (10) Living conditions in industrial towns at this time were really outrageous for many, and disease was able to spread swiftly in the unsanitary, unhealthy conditions which were a common characteristic of many of the industrial towns of this era. Cholera outbreaks in 1832 and 1844 killed many and reflected a disregard for the laws of health and cleanliness. Work conditions at this time were also poor. Thousands of children from seven to fourteen years were compulsory to work from six o'clock in the morning to seven o'clock in the evening with no more than a half an hour break. Machines were also sometimes hazardous so workers could get injured or even die. Wages were so poor in mills that workers could just afford to pay the rent on their accommodation leaving them with barely anything else for other necessities. A classic example of a industrial city with pitiable surroundings in this period was Bradford in the North of England. One man who wanted to bring to an end all these conditions was Titus Salt who was born in 1803 and raised up in Bradford. Titus was the eldest of seven children. Titus had at one time thought of becoming a doctor however changed his mind after leaving school and went to work in Wakefield, working with a wool stapler. ...read more.

Middle

The Saltaire mill was built in Shipley because it had advantages such as having a railway, canal and road which could be used to import and export goods as well as getting people in and out of the village. The canal could also have been used to bring in coal supply. Titus wanted to build Saltaire in the location where it was because the workers would be healthier because of the cleaner air, they would be happier because they had good and affordable accommodation in the village which meant they would not have to pay a lot to travel work, they would be always sober on the job because there were no public houses in the village. All these reasons above would result in the workforce being more productive which would mean they make more items and get Titus more profits. Another reason why Saltaire was built was because if Salt made one large mill instead of having 5 smaller mills it would mean he would only have to pay for one set of bills instead of five which would reduce tax bill. As Salt was Mayor of Bradford earlier he saw how drunkenness, filth and poverty could effect their lives. He didn't want this to happen to his workers so he banned pubs in his village and he provided them with free housing so they didn't live on the street and get diseases. ...read more.

Conclusion

(5) I think Saltaire was a substantial achievement for a number of reasons. It was one of the most important mills and village in the world at the time and it was proved when it was named as a world heritage site. Another key factor in my decision is that it is still here today. We are lucky however as it looked as if it would be destroyed as it was not kept up with and funded until 1987 when a man called Jonathan Silver bought it for an estimated �1,000,000. He restored parts of the village and his childhood friend and artist David Hockney added a gallery to the village. Now there are full time restorations going on throughout the village which means people must still want it there. I also think it is a great achievement because since Saltaire there have been many model villages e.g. Bournville. The village has changed with the times but the actual layout of the village has not so people believe it should be kept like when it was first built. It must be a very important achievement because many tourists visit the village every year and buy gifts from the souvenir shops so they will never forget the great feat. The village also won the Europe Nostra award in 1996. However today's generations are not that impressed by the great work by Salt as there is now graffiti and vandalism in the village. Marcin Milde ...read more.

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