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Saltaire is an industrial model village. Founded in 1853 by Sir Titus Salt

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Introduction

Saltaire. By Georgina Burn. Saltaire is an industrial model village. Founded in 1853 by Sir Titus Salt, there are a range of monuments which are still in perfect condition. The words 'Model Village' usually refers to a social or industrial development created in the UK during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They were created by a Philanthropist (a person who dedicates his own time to a certain cause) developer such as Sir Titus, to house his workers as well as provide social amneties for their families. New Lanark, Bourneville and Port sunlight were all typical model villages in the nineteenth century, in my essay I will agree with the statement that Saltaire is indeed a typical model village by comparison. When Salt decided to build saltaire he focused on his company and what would be best for sustaining it. He realised, looking at other model villages, that if the living conditions in Saltaire were better than average, his workers would become more eager to work and that would mean better produce. ...read more.

Middle

Cadbury also did something similar to this and would try and exceed other villages to persuade the skilled workers to come and work there, he suceeded in doing this, giving a good example for Salt. Owen, founder of New Lanark, did almost exactly the same thing and improved his working conditions to there satisfaction showing a dedication to putting his workers in front of his needs first. This evidence shows us that Saltaire has got similar factors to model villages in the nineteenth century. Salt built a church opposite the mill showing his love for his God and to remind his workers of their religion. Religion was also a big deal in Bourneville as well, Cadbury's family were members of the "Society of friends and quakers". In the mid nineteenth century, Bourneville did a routine of Bible passage reading and prayers in the morning and evenings. Quakers were pacifists (against war or violence in general) and this was what Owen's family were, Quakers. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Saltaire, both the Leeds-Liverpool canal and a train line leading to the major city of Bradford ran through it, indicating that this was a very good spot to be situated in. Transport was a big issue for workers and by having canals and trains passing through each day it would make it extremely easier to attend work. In Bourneville, the Worcester and Birmingham canal joined the factory, just like the canal joined the factory in Saltaire. The Birmingham West Suburban Railway was very close to the factory. To add to these was Oak Lane, now called Bournville Lane, which was quite easily improved for transport. The transport very similar to Saltaire's with a canal and rail line. To conclude, Saltaire had such a minute difference with other model villages in the nineteenth century that really only a few points could argue against it not being one. Like public houses; Salt did not allow public houses to be built across his land. Saltaire seemed to get on fine without pubs and therefore i agree that Saltaire was a typical nineteenth century model village. ...read more.

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