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Segregation Sources Question

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Introduction

1. a) Source 2 shows segregation at the lowest levels. Southern government's segregation laws even forbade a black man to drink from the same drinking fountain let alone use the same school or bus. 1. b) Martin Luthor King describes the many forms of segregation in source 1 He makes a specific reference to source 2; "you would use...a separate water fountain and lavatory labelled coloured." 2. Martin Luthor King mentions discrimination such as segregation in housing, schools and workplaces. He also mentions inadequate facilities for black children and poor job prospects for adults in source 1. In source 3 Jim Crow laws such as segregation on buses and separate "waiting rooms and other facilities in airports." Source 4 describes the intimidation and fear of murder the black community suffered in the south. Source 5 also makes a strong reference to the unjust and biased legal system in the south. 3. It is hard to judge the reliability of any source with out knowing a considerable amount about its background and the writer's motives. Source 7 can be seen as quite reliable, the New York Times was a reputable newspaper, although its readers were mainly liberalist whites so the story many have been slightly biased towards the black students we don't know this for certain though as the extract may have been taken out of context. ...read more.

Middle

Humphries chiefly believed that Dylan did what he did because it came naturally to him. Humphries is obviously a Dylan fan (he wrote a biography on him) so he may have played down the whole "fame and wealth" motives. Dylan's ex-girlfriend Joan Baez claims that Dylan was not a political man. She says, "he didn't believe in all that politics stuff." This suggests that Dylan sang about the civil rights movement to further his own career. This evidence could be reliable since Baez obviously knew Dylan well. However Baez does lie in her evidence she claims "He never went to marches" However Dylan was at a civil rights march in Washington in 1963. Perhaps she lies because she is bitter over her and Dylan's failed relationship. Bearnice Reagan, a black activist believed very strongly that Dylan wrote his songs to promote civil rights, it is unlikely he could have touched people's hearts in this way if his heart wasn't in it. 7. It is obvious that life for black people has improved since the early 1960's. Segregation had been completely abolished by 1970. Not only could blacks vote, the law made sure that they were not intimidated out of voting. The four civil rights acts of 64, 65, 67 and 68 ment that blacks had fair employment standards and integrated leisure facilities. Inter-racial marriages became legal and the protection of black voters was secured as well. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is unlikely that things were as bad for blacks as Lancaster makes out. Blacks could attend an integrated school even if resisted as proven in 1957. This would help stop poor education as well as poor job prospects. Lancaster sees the black working class as the victims but they have the laws to secure equality, if whites do not obey these laws the blacks have the right to do something about it. The same could be said about source 17. Donald Hill, a black man, claims that "whites and blacks retreat to their own isolated worlds" after work. This statement was made 20 years after the fair housing act was passed. If blacks were still being discriminated against in housing then they should fight it; the law is on their side. In source 15 we can plainly see the status of blacks by the 1990's. Life had improved, the average income had quadrupled, this meant more money which in turn meant better education. The number of discrimination complaints rose by 5 times. This shows that blacks were now speaking out against injustices. The poverty rate had also dropped by 20%. The race problem was not solved even by the 1990's, black unemployment was up 1% and sources such as Lancaster claim living conditions have changed very little. Cases such as the O.J Simpson trial have sparked racial tension also. Tony Lancaster sums it up perfectly when he says "it is not possible to reach a final verdict on the results of the long fight for civil rights in the post war era." ...read more.

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