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Select and explain the most important turning points in Nelson Mandelas life

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Select and explain the most important turning points in Nelson Mandela's life Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on the 18th July 1918 near Umtata in Transkei in Eastern Cape. He was the first black to be elected as the president of South Africa and this election took place in 1994. Throughout Nelson Mandela's life, there were some key events which lead to his success and achievement in South Africa. For example some of these events took a great lead into bringing about the end of apartheid. The first key event in Nelson Mandela's life was when his father died. Nelson's father, Chief Henry died in 1930, and the acting Paramount chief of the tribe became Nelson's guardian. At an early age, Nelson dreamt of making his own contribution to the struggle against apartheid. If it wasn't for Nelson's father dying, then I believe that he would never have been adopted by the Chief and therefore not educated as well as he is now. This would mean that without Mandela being well educated he wouldn't have been able to go on and study law, where the influence of the beginnings of the ANCYL commenced. I think that this was a key event in Nelson's life because it meant that he was educated as neither his mother nor father went to school. ...read more.


In 1948 the nationalist party came to power led by Dr. Daniel Malan, and his main policy was apartheid and he implemented new laws of racial discrimination and mixed marriages weren't allowed. This was very shocking and therefore in response to this the ANCYL held many protests and boycotts. This made them unpopular with the government and therefore this was a way to end apartheid by bringing in various methods of violence. The next turning point in his life was when he became president of the ANCYL and this gave him more authority in the organization and meant he could take a more active role in the fight against apartheid rule. On March 21, 1960 the Sharpeville massacre took place. Sharpeville was a village where there was a peaceful protest against the 'pass laws' which then turned very violent. Some believe that it was a massacre and some believe that it was self defence. This event was very important in Nelson Mandela's life as it was a wake up call to bring about violence to give black South Africans their rights. Mandela helped set up the MK, and had been given the nickname the 'Black Pimpernel' because he would move around South Africa with different disguises and didn't get caught by the police. ...read more.


When Mandela got out of prison he was elected for as President of the ANC and President of South Africa. This is a major turning point because it was when he became a hero to the country. He wanted equal rights for both the black and white people and this meant that he was willing to put the past behind him and gained the support of many others. He won the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize leading on to become President of South Africa in 1994. Becoming president showed the abolition of the minority rule demonstrating that blacks and whites were now equal. In conclusion, I think these are the most important turning points for Mandela, and in each one an overall outcome was achieved. Nelson being determined went through many ups and downs but eventually it all paid off and black South Africans were given their true rights. Overall, the major turning points were when he was put in prison and how he still managed to gain support while he was still in there. If Mandela had not grown into the person he did then South Africa may still be suffering from apartheid today. Mandela did not believe in revenge he just wanted to ensure that the world the future generations grew up in a better place, and that they wouldn't have to suffer the way he suffered. ...read more.

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