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Should the Soviet Union make an agreement with Britain and France or with Germany?

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Introduction

Should the Soviet Union make an agreement with Britain and France or with Germany? From: Comrade Ug Date: 10 August 1939 For: J.V. Stalin Dear comrade Stalin, I am writing this report to inform and advise you on the danger of war, and the possible outcomes, good and bad, that can come by allying the USSR to the fascist powers, or with the capitalist. It is imperative that the USSR makes the right decision immediately because while the Fascist powers of Europe, in particular Germany, grow stronger economically and militarily, and while Britain and France continually intimidate and ignore us, war looms and seems inevitable. As we currently stand there exists no way in which we would be able to defeat either the Fascist powers or Allies single-handedly, so it would be in the best interest of the USSR to strike an accord with the power that seems most likely to emerge victorious when the predestined war breaks out. The nature of this accord should heavily be militarily based, but would also include some aspects of economic benefits. ...read more.

Middle

Germany and this may hold against us in the future. This action of ours, although allowing us to gain a significant amount of expenditure in gold, may have aggravated all of the other powers in central Europe, and made them less willing to strike a deal with us. As I previously mentioned, we were not invited to the Munich conference by any of the powers even though it was our own Litvinov whom stressed the grave dangers lying in the future and the readiness of the Soviet government to join in a conference of the great powers to 'check the further development of aggression' - in particular Czechoslovakia. His proposal was rejected by the British government who to discuss only between Hitler and Daladier. France, who had a pact with the USSR to defend Czechoslovakia, remained quiet on this issue and this could be a potentially eye-opening event. In particular we learned that neither power, Fascist nor Allied, had any concern whatsoever for the views of the Soviet Peoples. There are many reasons why the USSR would benefit from an agreement with Britain and France. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thirdly, the Soviet armed forced had been hit by the purges and the rearmament programme was nowhere near completion. A pact would at least by the USSR more time. Furthermore, the USSR would gain half of Poland and a sphere of influence from Finland to Romania, including the Baltic States and an agreement would be in line with the Treaty of Rapallo and the good relations of 1922 to 1934. Moreover, Germany was still the USSR's major trading partner. On the other hand it would be an ideological somersault - a reversal of collective security against fascism. In conclusion, I would recommend that you, Comrade Stalin, attempt to initiate a pact with Germany simply because the advantages outweigh the disadvantages and also the competition. An agreement with Germany is more favourable because of our recent history of trading and cooperation - the complete opposite to our relationship to Britain and France, who did not have enough courtesy to invite us to the Munich conference, even though its political implications would affect us in arguably the severest way. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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