• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social and Plitical system of colonial period

Extracts from this document...


Jyoti Jindal Pd. 5 How do the social and political systems of colonial British North America compare to those of Latin America? Illustrate three positions. The conquest of the New World by Spain began almost a century before England began its own. By the time England started its colonization, Spain had already taken control of Latin America from the Aztecs and the Incas and was on its way to becoming one of the richest nations in Europe due to the large amounts of gold and silver in Latin America. Although both mother countries were monarchies and had similar aristocratic hierarchies, they developed different social systems in the Americas not only in the colonies and viceroyalties but also in their treatment of the natives. However, because both mother countries were monarchies, the political systems were very similar with a few discrepancies due to the nature of the conquest. In colonial British North America, the colonists had a hierarchy system very different from that of the Spaniards. The colonists' system was vertical: "They thought of themselves as connected vertically rather than horizontally, and were more apt to be conscious of those immediately above and below them than they were of those alongside them". (Wood, 23) ...read more.


This was because the Spaniards forced the natives to mine gold and silver as part of an encomienda system created by Nicol�s de Ovando. The system had natives offer labor as tribute, first to the Crown, and then to an encomendero. In return the native would be provided protection by said encomendero as well as be educated in Christianity. (Williamson, 109, 111) This was all in contrast though to Queen Isabella's declaration: "...declared them [the natives] to be free and equal subjects of the Crown; ..." (Williamson, 109). When the encomienda system was changed by the New Laws of the Indies, the Spaniards had a violent reaction that eventually forced the Crown to let the New Laws lapse. (Williamson, 111) In North America however, there were no precious metals to be mined. Also, the Native Americans were considered a separate people, part of another nation; this was acknowledged when Britain passed The Royal Proclamation of 1763 which recognized the rights of Native Americans to the land they occupied. (wikipedia.org) Thus, interaction with the Native Americans was very limited. Also, the English were not so focused on missionary attempts with the Natives; they had their own religious freedom to worry about. ...read more.


(Williamson, 81) Another dissimilarity is that Latin America had essentially two republics under the control of the King-that of the Spaniards and the other of the Indians (Williamson, 10) whereas only the colonists were under the rule of the British Crown. Colonial British North America and Latin America have different social systems because of the way England and Spain took over and the reasons behind the conquests. Spain conquered and essentially, stole the land from the natives and then forced them to work it under harsh labor conditions; plus its missionary objective was to bring Christianity to the natives. England did not have that problem because North America had very little precious metals and a motive behind many settlements was religious freedom. Also, English settlements started out very small in comparison to the Spanish settlers and so did not pose the same threat to the native people that the Spaniards did. They have similar political systems because both the Old World countries are monarchies and establishing the ruling of the crown was one of the first things both nations did. The similarities and differences in political and social systems of colonial North and South America are key components to understanding how today's nations came to be. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Royal Pavilion

    Being slightly exuberant and something of a fashion icon, people - such as the 'fashionistas' of the day - began visiting Brighthelmstone also to experience the lush way of life that the 'Prince of Pleasure' enjoyed. The Prince was known as 'Prince of Pleasure' because of his extravagant and leisurely lifestyle that he led.

  2. What Reasons Did The HSCA Have in 1979 for Suggesting That President Kennedy Was ...

    The rifle was also observed to be stiff and FBI officials commented that the 'scope could not be properly aligned with the target'. Another factor that would have affected Oswalds ability to shoot Kennedy was his own marksmanship. Marine Corps records reveal that Oswalds marksmanship ranged from poor to fairly

  1. Prohibition America

    Prohibition also created a change for people to make money. More and more people tried to make profit out of it, so there were a lot of bootleggers coming into cities bringing illegal liquor supplies. Even well respected people such as Joseph Kennedy, father of future president John.

  2. The Panchayat system as an early form of conflict resolution in Trinidad.

    By 1901, seventy eight percent (78%) of Indians were thus settled in their own rural communities.19 The establishment of homogenous villages in Trinidad represented a significant step towards forging Indian social and cultural solidarity. Agricultural ties to the land was said to have contributed to the persistence of such institutions as the extended/joint family system, caste endogamy and the arranged marriage.

  1. The California Gold Rush.

    By early June ships had carried the news to the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii); by July it reached Oregon; and in August, the neighboring Mexican state of Sonora. In each case there was skepticism at first, then wild-eyed gold mania. In less than four months, nineteen ships left Honolulu with 300

  2. Discussing John Fitzgerald Kennedy.

    Source G is the film "JFK" directed by Oliver Stone and blames the American government in agreement with the conspiracy theory for JFK's death. The movie portrays that a small rogue group of individuals from the CIA sought out to kill the president as he posed a great threat to them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work