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Social Hierarchy in Tsarist Russia.

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Introduction

Social Hierarchy in Tsarist Russia Tsar and Tsarina The most authoritative man in Russia was the Tsar. He was the only person illegible to pass laws. His wife Tsarina helped the Tsar to rule Russia but he essentially was the figurehead of authority throughout Russia. He believed his authority was given to him by God and therefore any criticism was censored and criticisers were dealt with very severely. Nobles These were the people who the Tsar had granted hereditary titles. These chosen people were normally high ranking soldiers in the armed forces or civil servants. The Nobles were very rich and well educated. In 1900 - it was estimated that there were about 1.8 million Nobles in Tsarist Russia. ...read more.

Middle

Only one third of Russians were given an education so two thirds of the population did not receive this indoctrination. It was thought that these two thirds would start to disobey the system of the tsar being the representative of God but in the end it was nearly everyone who did. This was because of many teachers who had radical views and did not agree with the system. Universities also shared these radical views. Army Despite being valued less than the Church and Nobles, it was the Army that guaranteed Russia's status as a great world power. It had 2.6 million men which were more than Germany's 1.9 million men and Austria-Hungary's 1.1 million men. However, Russia needed a lot of men as their country covered an enormous distance so in relation to Germany's army - it is not a drastic difference in size. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most middle class children could afford to go to school and many went to boarding school. The Peasants The peasants were concentrated in the rural areas of Russia and Siberia and lived in communes. Land was divided into strips for each commune but peasants did have the ability to own their own land. Many did not however and the land they used was owned by rich landlords. Peasants found it extremely hard to survive. They lived on the food they grew they made as well as selling some and the money they received went mainly on tax. In the years before the turn of the 20th century, there was growing unrest from the peasants as they desperately wanted the land to be given to them and not be owned by the landlords. The peasants were the lowest class in Tsarist Russia and people looked down upon then. Many died through starvation and malnutrition as well. ...read more.

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