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Society is faced with many problems today. For example there is economic exploitation as well as questions of race and gender.

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Introduction

Society is faced with many problems today. For example there is economic exploitation as well as questions of race and gender. The hardships of individuals are among the more important and controversial issues tearing apart present and past society around the world. Like those who lived before us, we too are faced with economic, gender, and racial conflict. Some of the solutions to our own social ills lie in the past and good historical events challenge us to achieve the ideals of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Slavery has been practiced since ancient times around the world. In the early imperial age of Rome, historians gave an excellent description of slavery under their rule. Also there are concerns about the impact of slavery on the moral character of both the master and slave. In the Roman expansion and conquest of foreign neighbors, the slave population increased by almost a third. "The Roman attitude towards slavery was that of bad luck that happened to them." (McKay et al. pg.148). The Romans did not "view" the slaves in a racial context nor did they treat slaves as an "inferior" race. ...read more.

Middle

The Romans learned from the Greeks and began treating their slaves better; they preferred to treat them fairly. This way they could obtain more from them. Slaves worked under different conditions and different places to make life easier for the rich and middle families of Rome. A slave began to work in any area he or she was assigned. One of the hardest types of work was in the mines, and many of them preferred to die before going there. Another area in which slaves worked was on the fields. They also assisted the Romans in their business such as in crafts. The impact of slavery on the moral character of both the slave and the master was in different conditions. When a person was classified as a slave, the person's rights were decreased considerably. The slave became the property or a thing of its master, with no rights of his or her own other than to please his master. (Slavery, pg. 3). The slave only retained a few human rights. Slaves viewed as humans were allowed to have some personal things. ...read more.

Conclusion

If the master's slave had earned enough to buy his or her freedom and the amount was equal to the slave's worth, and the slave was to old to serve, then the master could free the slave through manumission. "The most common practice of manumission was one in which the master, the slave, a third party, and a praetor got together to free the slave and this is called Manumission Vindicta". (Slavery, pg. 4). The third party member pronounced the slave free. " The second for of manumission is the Manumission testamento." (Slavery, pg. 4). This manumission was done in two ways. The first condition was when the master at his will set a slave free by proclamation. (Slavery, pg. 4). In the second condition, the slave could not be immediately set free because he or she could only be freed when the slave was classified as Statuliber. "The third and final form of manumission is the Manumission Censu". (Slavery, pg. 5). "This form was when the slave proclaimed to be a free person before a censor agreed. At this time if the censor agreed, he will record a slave's name down as a freed person". (Slavery, pg. 5). ...read more.

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