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Source A tells us that in the Blitz, people 'didn't have to be in uniform to be heroes'

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1. Source A tells us that in the Blitz, people 'didn't have to be in uniform to be heroes'; ordinary civilians were involved with the war effort, implying that in previous wars, they had played no direct role, and people did have to be in uniform to be heroes. They showed that soldiers were not the only contributors to victory, but also ordinary people showed that they could play just as important a part for their nation, by sacrifice. It illustrates the good spirits of the British people in their efforts to overcome and ignore the devastation of the Blitz. It states 'Out of terror and tragedy came courage and an unshakeable determination.' This shows us the height of the British morale; although the citizens were facing disastrous and frightening situations, they never gave up and showed outstanding bravery, even in the face of adversity. The source then goes on to describe their strength of heart, saying 'Those at home in the most appalling circumstances kept their sense of humour.' Even though the living conditions of the people in the home front could be horrific, and uncomfortable, they laughed and made jokes, and helped each other to get by. ...read more.


It was very important to the government to keep morale high so that the country's economic life continued. It is highly likely that B was not posed for the sake of propaganda so this adds to the reliability of the source. It is very useful in showing us the effects of the Blitz on British people, as it brings home the atrocities of war and shows that the war did reach ordinary civilians, and brought terror and panic among them. It also slightly helps us to understand their ability to cope with these terrible situations, and to help one another overcome them. C shows houses and salvaged goods, which have been destroyed by bombing, and their inhabitants who have been made homeless have come together for a group photograph. They are smiling, and seem relaxed, giving the thumbs up sign. C was probably posed for propaganda - most people did not smile and joke after being made homeless. This was probably to assure people who hadn't had this experience that it was not that bad. ...read more.


We do know, however, that many lives were lost, probably those of innocent children. D partly supports the evidence of B about damage done. It shows damage to property, but no deaths. D supports B as the government censored it, as it was felt that these negative photographs of severe bomb damage would diminish morale. It also supports B in showing that the damage made by bombs were localised - we can see an untouched street behind the playground area in source B and a book shop in a street which seems unharmed in source D. However, the damage in source D is of a much smaller scale than that in source B. Both sources D and C evince devastating damage to property. C shows damage to either a street or a block of flats, in which many peoples' homes have been lost, and many people have been affected my it. Salvaged furniture is piled up against a wall. D does not support C in that it does not show furniture, however both show destruction to buildings. Emily Hallam Tunbridge Wells Grammar School for Girls GCSE History Coursework Objective Numbers 2 & 3 Britain In The Age of Total War 1939 - 45 ...read more.

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