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Source Coursework - Nazi Germany.

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Introduction

Source Coursework - Nazi Germany. A. Source A and source B are both about the decisions made before Kristallnacht. I think that an historian studying Kristallnacht would find source B more useful because in the provenance it says that it was a "secret report" written by the Nazis for their own Supreme Court. This would mean that they would have no need to lie about what happened with the events of Kristallnacht. It was also written fairly recently after the events of Kristallnacht whereas source A was written 16 years later by a journalist who worked for the Nazis. However, by 1954 he would likely have been trying to disassociate himself from the Nazis and make it seem like he wasn't involved so you could not take what appears to be an eye-witness account to be the truth. Source B is in line with the Nazis claim that Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event because it says, "such demonstrations were not to be organized by the Party." Then it goes on to say, "But neither were they to be discouraged if they started spontaneously." This implies that Kristallnacht was "spontaneously planned" by the Nazi Party if you read into it. I still think that source B would be more useful for an historian studying Kristallnacht because a secret source coming directly from the Nazis at the time of the event is likely to be honest about the facts ...read more.

Middle

This makes source C more accurate. D. These two sources have quite similar messages. They both show Kristallnacht to have been planned, by the Nazis. Source F has a picture of a man in uniform holding some kind of dagger and a club, surrounded by destruction. Source G also shows another man in uniform standing over someone lying on the floor, also holding a club. In source G there is also the Valkyrie who represents the German people. She is gagged and tied up. She has been made to face away from the man in uniform which shows that he, being a Nazi, doesn't want her to know what is happening. Source G comes from a British magazine so it would be against the Nazis in general. Source F is different in the way that it is more like a warning from the Russians as to what will happen next if they continue. The man in uniform is looking up at a man called Tsar Nicholas the 2nd who had encouraged attacks on the Jews previously which resulted in both himself and his family being murdered by the communists. Tsar Nicholas is saying "Attacking the Jews did not do me any good my Fascist friend." I think that fundamentally these sources have the same message: that Kristallnacht was carried out by the Nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, it does not show whether Kristallnacht was spontaneous or not. Source G puts across a similar message to source F in that there is a soldier, showing the attacks to have been carried out by the Nazis. There is also the Valkyrie, representing the German people tied up. This shows that the German people don't have any control over what is happening. This contradicts the statement. Again in this source it is not clear whether or not the attacks were spontaneous. Source H disagrees with the statement. It says, "He (Goebbels) should upset my difficult economic tasks by destroying so much Jewish property of economic value." This is saying that Goebbels planned and carried out Kristallnacht. Source I more or less agrees with the statement because it is Hitler talking and he is saying how Kristallnacht happening has spoilt his plans. He says, "The people responsible have destroyed everything for me." This implies that it had nothing to do with him. He also says, "I had great hope that I was about to come to an understanding with France and then this happened!" This shows that Hitler didn't know anything about it and that it must have been spontaneous. In conclusion, the majority of the sources do not support the statement. They say that it was the Nazis that carried out Kristallnacht and some of them say it was planned. However, there are a few exceptions like source I and source D. ...read more.

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