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South Africa - Turning points in Mandella's life and the effects of external pressure on the collapse of apartheid.

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Question 1: Select and explain the most important events in Nelson Mandela's life. Joining the ANC and founding the Youth League was one of the most important events in Nelson Mandela's life. This was important because it introduced him to politics, and it allowed him to make a difference. This also allowed him to share his views with a wider audience, and influence more people. This was the first step in his political career, which led him to the other important events of his life; to lead boycotts and strikes, then create the MK and become imprisoned, resulting, finally, in the end of apartheid. Another important event in Nelson Mandela's life was on the 21st March 1960, when 69 people were killed at Sharpeville. ...read more.


Before his imprisonment he was not widely known, however subsequently he became a leading anti-apartheid figure known everywhere. This led to other countries being more aware about apartheid, imposing sanctions on South Africa which nearly destroyed its economy, and ultimately the collapse of apartheid. Overall, these turning points helped shape Mandela's life. Question 2: Explain the part played by external pressure (for example, economic sanctions and international isolation in sport) in the fight against apartheid and minority rule. External pressure played a part in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa in the form of sanctions. There were two main types of sanctions, sporting sanctions, and more importantly, economic sanctions. ...read more.


The consequences of economic sanctions were a major contributor to the collapse of apartheid. By the late 1980s South Africa's economy was in deep trouble. More money was being spent than was being made. The slow decline did not affect South Africa at first, but in the late 1980s the increased spending on police to keep apartheid running was crippling the country. Economic sanctions were affecting everybody, from the poorest to the richest, blacks and whites. Because it affected everyone it was a major contributor to the end of apartheid. The economic sanctions were so influential that if they did not end, the country would end up in civil war. When the government realised this, in the late 1980s, they accepted that change was necessary to avoid an economic meltdown. Therefore, by influencing the whole of the population and the government, the part played by economic sanctions was great. ...read more.

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