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stalin; how he held his power

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Introduction

Stalin; how he held his power Question C By Antonio Panzera There were four important reasons why Stalin was able to hold onto his power and rule over Russia. These were: The purges and show trials, the secret police, Propaganda and the cult of personality and finally Stalin's economic policies. Here I will find out which was the most important reason. Firstly, you have Stalin's economic policies. Stalin had set plans that had to be accomplished in five years. In these plans agriculture and industry were the key things that needed developing. Stalin said "we are about 50 to 100 years behind the rest of the world; we must cover this lost time in a good 10 years if we do not want to perish". In Stalin's five-year plans he aimed at building many factory's to make 100000 tractors to give to the peasants and weapons for the USSR to defend itself. In farming he wanted collectivisation to be carried out. Many people think that the USSR could not have survived if rapid industrialization had not been put into action with the five-year plans, but the price it paid was very high. ...read more.

Middle

Whatever the causes, the purges must be viewed as having weakened the Soviet Union. The arguments for it being a strong factor to his grasp on power are simple thou. Through the purges he was able to get rid of the opposition and there for create a government that was supporting him obviously giving him a vast political advantage. But also the secret police, NKVD, also had a large say in this because without them the actions of the purges could not have been taken because they applied the force for it to be successful. Leading on from that there are the secret police and their role. The NVKD was among the most brutal, repressive, and inhumane police organisations of human history. The NKVD's duties, while multifaceted, included the administration of the gulag's and prison system, the police, internal affairs for the police, and served as the main apparatus for carrying out the purges and mass executions of Communists and innocent Soviet civilians in the 1930s. ...read more.

Conclusion

They seemed to think that Russia was very successful, and would deny Stalin's wrong doings. Propaganda would be supporting communist policies, and criticising his opponents. This changed the way that people thought, and so more people would support his cause. The cult of personality was where everyone loved Stalin, and believed him to be a great leader. They had virtually been brainwashed by propaganda, and no one ever spoke against Stalin because they were scared of him and what he would do to them. If everyone loves him, it isn't going to be hard to maintain power so really this turns into a giant circle for Stalin. People are convinced he's the right man than they think he does no wrong then others follow. Overall I see all these factors as major factors to Stalin's grasp of power. The secret police helped Stalin with force and his economic policies helped Russia become a better off nation. But the most important factors were propaganda and the cult of personality and the show trials. This is because these spread fear into the nation enabling to keep control yet people loved him for what he did for Russia. ...read more.

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