• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

stalin; how he held his power

Extracts from this document...


Stalin; how he held his power Question C By Antonio Panzera There were four important reasons why Stalin was able to hold onto his power and rule over Russia. These were: The purges and show trials, the secret police, Propaganda and the cult of personality and finally Stalin's economic policies. Here I will find out which was the most important reason. Firstly, you have Stalin's economic policies. Stalin had set plans that had to be accomplished in five years. In these plans agriculture and industry were the key things that needed developing. Stalin said "we are about 50 to 100 years behind the rest of the world; we must cover this lost time in a good 10 years if we do not want to perish". In Stalin's five-year plans he aimed at building many factory's to make 100000 tractors to give to the peasants and weapons for the USSR to defend itself. In farming he wanted collectivisation to be carried out. Many people think that the USSR could not have survived if rapid industrialization had not been put into action with the five-year plans, but the price it paid was very high. ...read more.


Whatever the causes, the purges must be viewed as having weakened the Soviet Union. The arguments for it being a strong factor to his grasp on power are simple thou. Through the purges he was able to get rid of the opposition and there for create a government that was supporting him obviously giving him a vast political advantage. But also the secret police, NKVD, also had a large say in this because without them the actions of the purges could not have been taken because they applied the force for it to be successful. Leading on from that there are the secret police and their role. The NVKD was among the most brutal, repressive, and inhumane police organisations of human history. The NKVD's duties, while multifaceted, included the administration of the gulag's and prison system, the police, internal affairs for the police, and served as the main apparatus for carrying out the purges and mass executions of Communists and innocent Soviet civilians in the 1930s. ...read more.


They seemed to think that Russia was very successful, and would deny Stalin's wrong doings. Propaganda would be supporting communist policies, and criticising his opponents. This changed the way that people thought, and so more people would support his cause. The cult of personality was where everyone loved Stalin, and believed him to be a great leader. They had virtually been brainwashed by propaganda, and no one ever spoke against Stalin because they were scared of him and what he would do to them. If everyone loves him, it isn't going to be hard to maintain power so really this turns into a giant circle for Stalin. People are convinced he's the right man than they think he does no wrong then others follow. Overall I see all these factors as major factors to Stalin's grasp of power. The secret police helped Stalin with force and his economic policies helped Russia become a better off nation. But the most important factors were propaganda and the cult of personality and the show trials. This is because these spread fear into the nation enabling to keep control yet people loved him for what he did for Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How successful were Stalins Economic Policies?

    Politically, the Five Year Plans were not so successful, because their main focus was to industrialise Russia, with less emphasis on upholding Communist ideas. There were a few aspects of the Five Year Plans that maybe helped Russia to become more 'Communist', for instance, GOSPLAN's top-down planning system meant that

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    The period 1928 to 1941 saw a fourfold increase in steel and a six fold increase in coal production. Other projects included the 'Moscow-Volga canal' and the prominent 'Moscow underground railway'. I think that the Five Year Plans were used extremely successfully for propaganda purposes where Stalin wanted to make

  1. Stalin and the Five-Year Plans.

    Stalin cleverly used his intelligence to clear out all his opponents because of the murder. Many leading figures like Kamenev, Bukharin and Zinoviev were put on trial because they were traitors of the nation and additionally other non leading figures were put on trial like 500,00 party members on charges

  2. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    Stalin saw his policy of terror as a means of exterminating his rivals and consolidating his own position. He sought to create a highly industrialised socialist society in a backward, peasant country and believed that the use of force on a massive scale was needed in order to accomplish this.

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    Therefore when he did become successful in improving the Russian economy by the start of the second Five Year Plans, it is not surprising that the Russian media portrayed him as an undisputed leader as they felt more secure in their country.

  2. Evaluation on the Effect of Stalin's Economic and Social Policies

    and were left there to die, as about 5 million Kulaks did. By angering the Kulaks and not allowing them to keep their land, Stalin also sent the rest of Russia into a famine that lasted from 1932- 1933. However, because of collectivization, peasant farmers were educated in how to operate machinery that better allowed them to harvest crops.

  1. Stalin man or monster

    However it can be argued that this deception that Stalin had wasn't part of a personality that made him a monster. Deception is a human characteristic that some people have, and Stalin being suppressed not only in his childhood but by Lenin himself it would be very understanding to see

  2. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    Stalin's second five-year plan had an extra aim to the ones set in the first which was to create or import machine parts and other investment goods (such as tractors, lorries and cargo ships). Another distinguishing feature of this five-year plan was the distribution of medals to hardworking men as an incentive to others.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work