• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15

Stalin Man or Monster

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Stalin: Man or Monster? Joseph Stalin was a Soviet dictator who in some people's eyes was a magnificent leader who saved the Russian economy and created a superpower economy. However, others see Stalin as the greatest mass murder in history. Stalin was a man who ruled in the name of the people, yet stopped at no crime for those same people. The views about Stalin differ, some people see him as a man and some as a monster. Q1 Sources A, B and C are all different and similar in various ways. Source A is a cartoon published in Paris during the 1930's. At this time many people in France were anti communist, therefore it is clear that the cartoon would be anti-Stalin. The cartoon shows Stalin standing in front of pyramids of skulls and pointing at them as he is proud of his achievement. The words written on the poster "Visitez l'U.R.S.S SES piyramdes!" in English mean, "Come visit our pyramids". Source B portrays a completely different view of Stalin. This source is an official Soviet painting of Stalin with the workers at a newly opened hydroelectric power station in the 1930's. It shows Stalin dressed in white clothes, smoking a pipe and acting as a father figure to the peasants. The poster shows how involved Stalin is with his people and how modest he is. Source C is a photograph of Stalin congratulating wives of army officers, however, the year it was take in, is unknown. It shows Stalin shaking the hands of the wives, acting in a very modest way. Sources A and B have many similarities and differences, however each shows a different point of view. Source A is clearly anti-Stalin and source B is very much pro-Stalin. Seeing that source B is a Soviet painting, it isn't reliable as it had to be pro-Stalin, otherwise the painter would have been arrested. ...read more.

Middle

However, in neither sources, does he clearly state that in his opinion Stalin's ways of terror and execution were necessary or not necessary. For these reasons Khrushchev's assessment of Stalin can be considered as not trustworthy. He was only trying to gain the votes of both the pro-Stalin public and the anti-Stalin public, not giving a trustworthy assessment of Stalin. Khrushchev proved to the Russian people that he very much agreed with Stalin when he got in power. Khrushchev was a very ambitious man and had great aspirations for the Soviet Union; he later used vicious and brutal methods to fulfil his dreams for the Soviets. This shows that in actual fact Khrushchev agreed with Stalin's methods, although he does not admit it. Source G is a speech by Khrushchev to the Soviet Communist Party. Khrushchev had to remain slightly pro-Stalin so that he gains the support of the Soviet Communist Party. Khrushchev assessment cab be said not to be trust worthy as he is still careful not to praise or criticize any of Stalin's method. In source H, Khrushchev is not speaking to a specific group that supports or is against Stalin. Thus it is not in his interest to agree or disagree with Stalin's methods, just to get the support of the people he speaking to. Although Khrushchev tried to remain unbiased he still offers slightly different opinions in both sources. Source G is more pro-Stalin, source H is more anti-Stalin. Both sources can only be trusted to a certain degree, because Khrushchev main interests weren't to explain if Stalin's methods were correct or incorrect. His main interest was to gain the support of all the Russian people, and therefore had to try not to offer his own opinion of Stalin. Q5 Source I and Source J go a long way in agreeing on the show trials. Source I is an American cartoon and source J is a French cartoon published in the late 1930's. ...read more.

Conclusion

The source therefore gives a mistaken and misleading impression of how Stalin treated the red army. Another example of where propaganda is used is in source E. Source E is an extract from a speech by a writer of the congress of Soviets which was published in the Pravda, a newspaper of the Communist Party. The source praises Stalin and all his accomplishments, it praises Stalin like he is a god, 'generations to come will regard us as the happiest people because we lives in the same century as Stalin, because we were privileged to see Stalin, out inspired leader.' The source is totally biased, it will only mention good things that Stalin has done and disregard the many immoral things that he has done. The source is therefore misleading as propaganda is used. Sources that come from Russia, such as sources E and K, will be completely unreliable as the Soviets controlled the media and only printed pro Stalin articles, published pro Stalin books, etc. Sources that come from out of Russia like sources A, F, J, etc. are also unreliable as they were mostly written by people who were exiled by Stalin and were his enemies. A main reason why there has been confusion about Stalin is because of what point of view the historians had. In source L for example the point of view of the historian is focusing upon is Stalin's political skills. Another source might focus on his terror and show him as an evil man which would create confusion. Stalin is portrayed differently in every source as a result of the different point of view of the historian and what area of Stalin's personality the historian decides to focus upon. Sources that suggest different opinions about Stalin are because of different accounts when Stalin was in power. Some see Stalin as a monster, whilst others see him as a great man which creates confusion. The reasons for this confusion were mainly because the use of propaganda and what area of Stalin's personality a source would focus on. ?? ?? ?? ?? 09/05/2007 History 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess The Impact Of Stalin On Russia And The Russian People.

    4 star(s)

    a bad move as the army lacked officers to command them in world war two. These murders were called "the reign of terror". The victims of the great terror who were not executed were sent to labour camps. These camps were located in remote areas of the Soviet Union.

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    If Russia's economy was raised, not only would it prove to the world that communism really does work, it would allow Russia to stand up against surrounding threats like Poland, Japan, France, Britain and the US and it would also show that Russia did not need other countries' help to come into its own.

  1. Why Did Stalin Use Terror and Purges in Such a Comprehensive Way during the ...

    In December 1934 Kirov, leader of the Leningrad Party was shot dead by Nikolaev. To some of the Party this event seemed to indicate the existence of anti-Communist Terrorist organisations in the USSR. Kirov was a popular Party leader and a potential rival to Stalin.

  2. How did Stalin control Russia from 1924-1953?

    This would have gained Stalin much more respect from the Russian people, and more of their trust. In fact, Stalin was anything but trustworthy. While Kamenev and Zinoviev were admitting to plotting with Trotsky, Stalin had Trotsky murdered, who was in exile in Mexico.

  1. The USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941 - source related questions.

    Firstly, Richard s[c15]tates how poverty-stricken the living conditions of ordinary Russians were during the famine of 1932 mainly caused by the food shortages brought on by collectivisation. Secondly he contends that the millions of people that starved to death and perished due to issues arising from the "dekulakisation" /collectivisation was

  2. Was Stalin a Disaster For the Soviet Union?

    The nature of which Stalin gained power is one that gives us an insight into the events of his leadership, what did Stalin do with his power then? One of the first and most important realisations by Russia's new leader was that there had to be another revolution or two, this time a slightly more organised one.

  1. These three sources do not all give the same impression of Stalin. Source A ...

    Unlike source A, these sources B and C are propaganda that are trying to give Stalin a good image, as he definitely needed it. Question 2 This source does not really give us very reliable evidence- it is written by Stalin himself, and it is expressing his concerns for how men care more for animals about their fellow man.

  2. What methods did Stalin use to control the Soviet Union?

    This method was known as 'socialist realists'. However, any other work that was produced in which criticized soviet rule, painters or writers would find them selves in harsh labor camps. The sciences was particularly paid much attention to by Stalin for he felt improvements in technology and production in nuclear weapons would help industrialize Russia and grow as a nation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work