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Stalin Souurces Questions

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Introduction

Rob Griffin Russia GCSE Coursework There are many people in Russia who don't agree with Stalin or his policies. This upset the leader and he wanted to crush the opposition the only way he knew how was called terror. Terror: began was called "The Great Purge". He even formed a secret police. These actions spread fear throughout Russia. He eliminated anyone who was a threat to his power. These people, most innocent, were sent to camps and then killed or died. The victims included thousands of old communist who supported the opposition. If we take source A it states at the bottom that it was published in the 1930's in Paris. It illustrates three pyramids of skulls and vultures flying above them. The skulls are most likely the victims of his purges and policies. He seems to be pointing at the skulls as if he is proud of them, as some sort of achievement. The vultures flying above the pyramids seem to be there to indicate death or the vultures could indicate the NKVD (secret police) that is what this cartoon seems to be trying to project about Stalin. It is trying to condemn the Russian leader for his ridiculous policies and criticise the way in which he keeps control of his country. The source seems to be putting forward a tourism theme. It uses the pyramids of Egypt to carry this out. The French writing in the illustration translates to, "Visit the Pyramids of Russia". ...read more.

Middle

We have to realise that Stalin wrote this after the Second World War and was trying to win over Eastern Europe. He was trying to put forward the image of a caring, which is what people would of needed after war. He often as we have heard stage photos and kept his control over the media to always make himself look like the great all powerful leader of Russia who cared for his people. This passage does give us some evidence on Stalin. The story of which he is speaking may be true, but I would believe that it is one of Stalin's propaganda schemes. It just seems a bit false since Stalin seems to be the only person who really cares about a man's life in his story also at the start he says I recall which shows its vague. It may be true but it does show us that Stalin was a very clever man with great political and propaganda skills. 3. When we look at both the sources we can see that they have both been given dates and tell us about where the extracts came from. This is a good source of reliability for both sources. Firstly if we look at source E we can see that it is from a speech written to Congress of Soviets in 1935 and that it was published in Pravda, a Communist Party newspaper. It is a passage thanking Stalin and praising him for what he has done for Russia. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the cartoon the accused are stating things like, "Sure I tried to betray my country" And "Of course I am a traitor". They appear to be admitting to these crimes quite readily, smiling as though they were pleased to do it. This maybe indicates torture to admit to crimes. Stalin is acting as the judge also. Another possible reason to admitting their crimes is that they see themselves as already been judged and sentenced. Many were prosecuted in this way. In the background we can see a gallows, which shows they've been judged and will be executed within twenty-four hours fairly or unfairly. Source J gives us fairly the same impression that the last source did. It shows Stalin as the judge, the jury and the prosecution in a courtroom showing the influence that he had in Russia's courtrooms. I feel that the cartoon is trying to put across the point that anyone posing a threat or opposition to Stalin will fail to receive a fair trial. The illustration would give us the impression that Stalin actually wants to find the people guilty of their crimes whether they are or not. Posing Stalin as all three sections of the court tries to show us that he is in total control and the jury will do as he wishes. I would say that these two sources agree with each other. They put across the same points as each other mainly that there would be no justice in Russia while Stalin still has power. Both of these sources are against Stalin because of their originating outside the Russia. ...read more.

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