• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Stalins Five Year Plans were a great success 1928-1941. Do you agree? Explain you answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Shafaq Yaqoob ?Stalin?s Five Year Plans were a great success 1928-1941.? Do you agree? Explain you answer. As a result of industrialisation being introduced, Russia?s industry was successfully modernised which allowed the industrial production to impressively increase and in some cases the targets set by the state were surpassed. However the production figures calculated by the state were not always accurate and were exaggerated as the state wanted to project an image of the success of industrialisation. Furthermore, looking at the different projects completed under industrialisation such as Magnitogorsk were genuinely impressive, on the other hand, the human cost and punishments that the workers had to face were terrible. Compared to other great powers such as the USA, Germany and Britain the USSR was still a backward nation and desperately required modernisation which would the USSR to become a self-sufficient nation and less reliant on foreign capitalist powers; in order to achieve, Stalin introduced the Five Year Plans. The First Five Year Plan (1928- 1932) mainly focused on heavy industry such as coal, oil iron steel and electricity which laid the foundations for the future growth. ...read more.

Middle

As a result of these great accomplishments under the Five Year Plans allowed the USSR to become the world?s largest industrial produce. In addition to these spectacular achievements, unemployment was non-existent. Education in the USSR became free and compulsory for all. Even though the targets set by the state were incredibly high, many were surpassed and those who achieved their targets were awarded with higher wages and bonuses. Regardless of the success of industrialisation, we must also consider the terrible punishments that the workers had to face. Despite the impressive achievements made there were many problems with industrialisation. The image that was being shown to the public by the state was false while the reality was different. The targets that were set by the state were incredibly high and were not always achieved. In order to portray the success of industrialisation, the production figures were exaggerated. Not only the production figures were overstated but also the propaganda surrounding Stakhanov is another example of the state?s exaggeration of achievements to encourage people to work harder. In reality, he was helped by two other helpers in the coal mine. ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to the workforce consisting of untrained workers, there were often accidents which led to deaths. Regardless of the hard work they did, the wages that the workers received were low. It was not only the workers who were badly affected by industrialisation but also the Muslims. Their religion Islam was seen as holding back industrialisation and was therefore repressed. Muslims leaders were imprisoned or deported and mosques were closed down. Along with the repression of Islam, Christian worship was made difficult as Christian Orthodox churches were shut down and used for other purposes such as grain storage. On balance, it can be said that to some extent the Five Year Plans were a great achievement. Under the Five Year Plans, the industrial production in different industries was doubled and hydroelectric power was introduced in the USSR. There was hardly unemployment and the education became free. However, the punishments that the workers had to face were terrible. Lateness was not tolerated and harshly punished. Along with the worker, worship was made hard for Orthodox Christians and the religion Islam was repressed as it was seen as holding back industrialisation. And the production figures were not always accurate as they were manipulated by the state to project an image of success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Stalin and the Five Year Plans

    If Stalin destroyed capitalism, made Russia a huge economic power, eliminated all the threats around him and proved that communism worked, he would be seen as a hero in the eyes of Russians and communists alike. And although the many reasons that Stalin had to industrialise are all very feasible

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    He used propaganda once again to preach the public that industrialisation was patriotic, this encouraged workers to work for their motherland and to help their motherland to come up through the ranks and be part of the industrialisation process. Stalin removed Trotsky, the Left party the Right Party were in

  1. How successful were Stalins Economic Policies?

    Conditions for work were especially bad on major projects such as the Moscow Underground - people worked on it even through the bitter Russia winters, resulting in many freezing to death. For instance it is estimated that around 100,000 people died during the construction of the Belomor Canal.

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    Above all, the fiscal and political issues which encouraged Stalin to intensify industrialisation were correlated with the idea of the fear of foreign invasion and war scare which were two of the most speculated topics of discussion amongst the Russian public in the 1920s.

  1. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    so tractors and more modern equipment was introduced having been produced as a result of the industrialisation of Russia. As a result of collectivisation and Stalin's five-year plans the population of the USSR increased from 159,200,000 in 1913 to 170,600,000 in 1939 and the grain harvest changed from 80.1 million

  2. five year plans in russia

    The Russian heavy industries were far below average, and Stalin felt that developing these industries were important. The factories would be able to churn out machinery for farming, which would increase productivity and allow more workers to join the working force.

  1. The Effectiveness of the Five Year Plans:

    For all the apparent success of the five year plans, there were serious downsides. Industrial machinery parts were hard to get and some factories were kept idle for weeks on end simply because they did not have parts to repair worn out machines.

  2. Stalin and the Five-Year Plans.

    Subsequently, entire cities were built from nothing and workers were taken out into the new industrial centres. New dams and hydroelectric power supplied industry's energy needs. The second of the Five Year Plans constructed on the achievements of the first Five Year Plan.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work