• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

State the hostility between Austria-Hungary and Serbia between 1878 and 1914. How did this situation cause the outbreak of the First World War?

Extracts from this document...


History Essay (1) Christy Li F.5B (23) State the hostility between Austria-Hungary and Serbia between 1878 and 1914. How did this situation cause the outbreak of the First World War? The First World War took place in 1914-1918. The War broke out because of Sarajevo Incident 1914, in which Austria-Hungary and Serbia conflicted with each other. The incident sparked off the Austro-Serbian War in 1914, which soon turned from a local war to a global conflict, that is, the First World War. Obviously, the Austro-Serbian relation was a really significant factor contributing to the outbreak of the First World War. During the period of 1878 to 1914, hostility was built up between Austria-Hungary and Serbia mainly due to the following reasons: the Congress of Berlin, and the Pan-Slav Movement. The Congress of Berlin was the origin of Austro-Serbian hostility. The Congress of Berlin 1878 was brought about by the Eastern Question, which was about the decline of Ottoman Empire leading to the independence movements of the Serbs and Austrian ambitions of expanding to the Balkans. ...read more.


This angered Austria-Hungary, and further intensified the Austro-Serbian hostility. These two incidents were the main sources of Austro-Serbian hostility. They also brought about rivalries between Austria-Hungary and Serbia which contributed to the outbreak of the First World War: The Bosnia Crisis 1908, the Balkans War 1912-13, the Sarajevo Incident 1914 and the outbreak of the Austro-Serbian War 1914. The Bosnia Crisis was a clear example of rivalry between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. In the Congress of Berlin 1878, Austria-Hungary gained the administration of Bosnia-Herzegovina, which was still a part of the declining Ottoman Empire. However, Bosnia-Herzegovina, which was mainly populated by Slavs, wanted the rule of Serbia. Serbia wanted the Pan-Slav movement o unite with the Slavs. In 1908, Young Turks Revolution took place in Bosnia-Herzegovina; Austria-Hungary took advantage from the confusion to annex Bosnia-Herzegovina. Serbia then mobilized her troops against Austria-Hungary, and Russia supported her. Although at the end the Austrian annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina succeeded, the anti-Austrian feeling in Serbia ran high and lots of secret societies were formed. ...read more.


Since 1908, anti-Austrian feelings, plots and propaganda grew in Serbia and Bosnia. On June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife, went on an official visit to Sarajevo, the Bosnia Capital. A Bosnian student, who was also a member of the Black Hand, assassinated them. Austria held Serbia responsible because Serbia supported the anti-Austrian activities. This event provided an excuse for Austria to crush Serbia who was her greatest enemy. The Austro-Serbia hostility reached the climax. The Sarajevo Incident sparked off the Austro-Serbian War 1914, which turned into the First World War. Austria, with the support of Germany sent an ultimatum with three demands to Serbia, who had got the Russian support, on 23 July 1914. Serbia accepted the first two demands but rejected the last one that mean loss of independence. On 28 July, Austria declared war on Serbia. The local war soon turned into a global conflict with the Russian, French, German and British entries into the War. To conclude, the hostility between Austria-Hungary and Serbia set off the Austro-Serbian War, which lead to the involvement of all other great European powers. The First World War thus began. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    The visit also coincided with his 14th wedding anniversary. While his wife Sophie, was not of royal blood, she was not permitted to ride in the same car as her royal husband back in Vienna, but this did not apply to provincial cities like Sarajevo.

  2. What was the most important cause of the First World War?

    to Germany after a war in 1870; As Russia was allied to France the Germans declared war on France (3 August). Disputes over the future of Morocco led to the first and second Moroccan crisis. Germany started late in the race to gain colonies, but was trying hard to catch up.

  1. How far was Germany's ambition as a world power, the main cause of the ...

    The desire to bring glory to a nation was partially responsible for vast projects of imperial expansion. This imperial expansion led to increased competition and rivalry between the nations. The patriotic feeling amongst inhabitants could possibly have been behind the motivation for forming alliances.

  2. Why did World War I start in 1914 and not earlier?

    Thus, the German General Staff knew that with each year, Germany was getting weaker relative to its likely enemies. Thus, if there was a war, it should happen sooner rather than later. Besides this, Europe came extremely close to going to war in 1912, when the armies were mobilized on all sides because of the second Balkan crisis.

  1. To what extent was Austria the main obstacle to the unification of Italy in ...

    never present a united front against the huge military might of Austria, making their success unlikely. Furthermore, there existed the Piedmontese Monarchists including Charles Albert who was considered a prospective candidate. However, he showed particular leadership weakness in that he refused to accept volunteers from other states in his army

  2. To what extent was the unification of Prussia due to weaknesses of Austria?

    consciousness and bring the people together and it proved to be a successful policy as it achieved unification with the remaining of the four states, while also preserving Prussian influence. An evidence of this is the fact that the Franco-Prussian War was the first genuinely German war, fought by the

  1. Prussia and Austria

    Also Austria did not modernize their army as Prussia had done, which would widen the gap between these two nations even more. A good example of the modernized Prussian army against a weaker and less modern Austrian army is the battle of Koniggratz in 1866.

  2. "The outbreak of the First World War in 1914 grew out of a short ...

    This caused the basis of alliance systems, which were believed to provide security by increased power. Also, this elevated the tension between the colonies, causing there to be friction between them where there was none before. Another consequence of this was increased patriotism (jingoism), and the obsession of Europe with the race for more territory.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work