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Status and Position of Jews in Germany

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Introduction

Why did the status and position of the Jews in Germany worsen in the years 1933 to 1945? Germany, the country in which the holocaust took place, the country in which 6 million Jews were murdered, but surprisingly so many Jews had emigrated from Russia and other countries which were severe in their treatment of the Jews to go to Germany which was one of the best places for Germany to live in as they flourished in Germany and were part of German society; assimilated The peace and harmony was shattered when a government with a political agenda came to power- a racist agenda. Hitler, the leader of the Nazi party, a man with a deep hatred of the Jews. To understand why, you need to look at his past. When Hitler was a young man his dream was to become an artist, but he failed his exam, many of whom were successful artists at the time. During the First World War, Hitler volunteered at the age of 25, but on October 10, 1918 while in hospital Hitler heard of the news that the Kaiser and Germany had lost the war. The following few days and nights hatred grew in Hitler for the people responsible, for those that had cost Germany the war, not the military in his mind, but the politicians and primarily the Jews. After the war Hitler joined the German workers party, by 1921 Hitler had become the leader of the party, now called the National Socialist German Workers Party; in short Nazi. ...read more.

Middle

In many countries, anti-Semitism was used as an instrument of political propaganda to gain the support of the people. However, it was only in the 1930's, with the growth of the Nazi party and Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany that racial Anti-Semitism was adopted as a policy by a major political party. Darwin's theory was used to explain why the Aryan race was at the top of the race ladder and the Jews at the bottom. The problem was also blamed on the Jews, the Jews who were originally from Germany were not orthodox and saw themselves as Germen first and Jewish second, but an influx of Russian Jews who dressed in a more orthodox way and lived together in ghettos lead to Jews being easier to spot and thus more easier to blame when things went wrong. A few days after the boycott of Jewish shops, the laws for the Reestablishment of the Civil Service barred Jews from holding civil service, university, and state positions on April 7th. A month later in May, there were public burnings of books written by Jews and others not approved by the state. The next month, Hitler made yet another law excluding East European Jewish immigrants of German citizenship. These laws were all made in few months of Hitler's dictatorship but he was just getting started. Hitler believed that to establish the "Thousand Year Reich" he would need the support of the young people in Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

150,000 Jews had already left Germany by 1938. The Evian conference was called to address the refugee problem. Many countries expressed sympathy for the Jews, but most countries, including the US and Britain, offered excuses fir nit letting more Jews in. This showed Hitler no one was prepared to stop him from persecuting the Jews. By 1939 war was inevitable and it broke out. Immediately Hitler accelerated his persecution of the Jews. In the first few weeks of war at least 5,000 Jews were killed. Hitler could now freely persecute as the war was a smokescreen from the rest of the world. People were more worried about the breakout of war rather than the plight of the Jews, The Jews were now being rounded up in ghettos; they were made to wear an armband or yellow star for identification. For the next few years Jews were rounded up and sent to concentration camps, this was all done to implement the 'final solution' - the Nazi plan to exterminate the Jewish people. Attacks and riots were common against the Jews now and extermination squads were killing hundreds and thousands of Jews in concentration camp and ghettos. By 1944 Germany were losing the war, but the extermination of the Jews did not stop till a month before the suicide of Hitler. In conclusion, the status and position of the Jews slowly deteriorated from 1933 to 1945. It began with a simple boycott and would end year's later in one of the greatest tragedies in all of human history. ?? ?? ?? ?? Harun Jalil History Coursework ...read more.

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