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Steve Biko - Methods of Resistance

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Steve Biko - Methods of Resistance Steve created the South African Student Organization (SASO) in 1968. The goal of SASO was to help non-white students move from their low position in society, to not only be seen in the organization, but by joining together to truly participate in change. SASO believed in better education for black youth and better job opportunities for black workers. Although the authorities noticed the activities of the organization, because it didn't advocate violence, it wasn't immediately banned. The SASO movement gained momentum as it moved through out South Africa's schools and Universities. In the early 1970's Biko was one of the most popular leaders in another black equality movement. The Black Consciousness movement was focused toward socially bringing whites and blacks together in a peaceful way. ...read more.


Biko's beliefs were more radical that ANC's thinking. He believed that blacks could not rely on help or assistance from whites, and should therefore withdraw from any partnerships with white groups. This resulted in antagonism between the two groups, with reports of ANC supporters beating and torturing black consciousness activists. Biko said that in the Black Consciousness movement it was crucial to reverse the centuries of their hateful condition "that have given so many blacks as well as so many whites a negative view of blackness." The movement taught that blacks should replace feelings of worthlessness with dignity and self-reliance. Instead of strictly directing criticism toward whites, the Black Consciousness Movement focused on helping blacks understand themselves as self-sufficient and complete. ...read more.


The magistrate's finding contributed to the creation of a culture of impunity in the SAP. Despite the inquest finding no person responsible for his death, the Commission finds that, in view of the fact that Biko died in the custody of law enforcement officials, the probabilities are that he died as a result of injuries sustained during his detention." From the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa report, published by Macmillan, March 1999. Steve Biko - Five Questions I would ask Biko if I could Meet Him Why were you against violence in resistance movements? Are there any laws in apartheid that you agree with? How many times were you beaten whilst in prison? How big was your South African Student Organization and how much effect did it have against apartheid? Was your organisation active all over South Africa? ...read more.

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