• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Steve Biko - Methods of Resistance

Extracts from this document...


Steve Biko - Methods of Resistance Steve created the South African Student Organization (SASO) in 1968. The goal of SASO was to help non-white students move from their low position in society, to not only be seen in the organization, but by joining together to truly participate in change. SASO believed in better education for black youth and better job opportunities for black workers. Although the authorities noticed the activities of the organization, because it didn't advocate violence, it wasn't immediately banned. The SASO movement gained momentum as it moved through out South Africa's schools and Universities. In the early 1970's Biko was one of the most popular leaders in another black equality movement. The Black Consciousness movement was focused toward socially bringing whites and blacks together in a peaceful way. ...read more.


Biko's beliefs were more radical that ANC's thinking. He believed that blacks could not rely on help or assistance from whites, and should therefore withdraw from any partnerships with white groups. This resulted in antagonism between the two groups, with reports of ANC supporters beating and torturing black consciousness activists. Biko said that in the Black Consciousness movement it was crucial to reverse the centuries of their hateful condition "that have given so many blacks as well as so many whites a negative view of blackness." The movement taught that blacks should replace feelings of worthlessness with dignity and self-reliance. Instead of strictly directing criticism toward whites, the Black Consciousness Movement focused on helping blacks understand themselves as self-sufficient and complete. ...read more.


The magistrate's finding contributed to the creation of a culture of impunity in the SAP. Despite the inquest finding no person responsible for his death, the Commission finds that, in view of the fact that Biko died in the custody of law enforcement officials, the probabilities are that he died as a result of injuries sustained during his detention." From the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa report, published by Macmillan, March 1999. Steve Biko - Five Questions I would ask Biko if I could Meet Him Why were you against violence in resistance movements? Are there any laws in apartheid that you agree with? How many times were you beaten whilst in prison? How big was your South African Student Organization and how much effect did it have against apartheid? Was your organisation active all over South Africa? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. The scope of this investigation is to discover the Rastafari movement mainly by considering ...

    . "Against all such inhuman, unchristian and uncivilized treatment we here and now emphatically protest, and invoke the condemnation of all mankind." "In order to encourage our race all over the world and to stimulate it to a higher and grander destiny, we demand and insist on the following Declaration of Rights: 1.

  2. Writing about Diverse Culture

    In the second stanza when Zephaniah describes 'black people'. He uses it to represent any minority groups that are victims of racial abuse. He goes on to use the idiom 'Black people do not have chips on their shoulders'. He is saying that black people are not looking for trouble.

  1. South Africa and Apartheid: Have the effects of apartheid disappeared?

    Walter Susulu and Nelson Mandela went underground but were later sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1960, the ANC carried out a peaceful protest in Sharpsville. As a result of this, 69 members died and 180 were wounded. However, after this, the ANC proved to be a growing pressure to end Apartheid.

  2. Case Study on Swazi culture

    The term mother, a more indulgent relationship, addresses one's own mother, her sisters, her co-wives, and his father's brother's wives. Children of these fathers and mothers are his brothers and sisters, and their children grouped in the same category as his own grandchildren.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work