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Study all the sources - Do these sources support the view that the failure of Prohibition was inevitable?

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Introduction

f. Study all the sources. Do these sources support the view that the failure of Prohibition was inevitable? In 1933 Prohibition was brought to an end. It is clear that prohibition did fail. However, we are not sure whether it was destined to fail from the beginning. We know that prohibition started in 1919 because there was a large percentage of the public actually supported the idea of throwing out alcohol. Was Prohibition "bound" to fail? Sources A and B are both extracts from American History Books. They both state why Prohibition was introduced. This is that the majority of the public supported the view and a lot of groups, such as the Anti-Saloon League were formed. They both mention how much the Anti-Saloon league played a major role in leading the protests against alcohol. These sources also say that the intentions of Prohibition were good because they were guided to think that alcohol was to be a cause of evil at the time. Both source mentioned what happened at the end of prohibition and the results of what happened during it. However neither of them tells us anything about whether prohibition was bound to fail. Source A briefly states that one of the reasons that alcohol was banned was that that the bulk of brewers of alcohol were German and that they were the rival in the war. The source also mentions that there were large amount of men were absent in the armed forces. ...read more.

Middle

They both say that at the beginning of prohibition all their views of it was positive and they had high hopes for it. In both sources they acknowledge that there will are criminals working around prohibition. These two sources are also given by a person that is named but the receiver was not mentioned. So in both sources we do not know who the information was provided for. These sources are also pointing to that prohibition was not inevitable because they both say that they are in support to have prohibition, adding to the figures that already supported prohibition these two individuals could have had a large influence on the public because they had a high social standing. In source E, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. who is a wealthy industrialist is writing a letter about prohibition and his view on it, to an unknown person. He is explaining himself in this letter on why his views on prohibition have gradually changed. He says that even though he saw it as a fantasy and should be a thing that is worked on to try and reach. He even admits that the result was not as convincing as he and many others hoped. He says that the respect for the law has been greatly lessened and crime was at a level never seen before. This is a negative view but still shows that he saw a chance at the beginning therefore supporting what he knew could have happened. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source J is an account of a policeman talking about Chicago in the 1920's. He mentions that the police were given free alcohol and nobody expected him to reject the offer because it was such a common feature. In this source the policeman that he was just an "ordinary policemen", this is making it seem that the policeman thinks that what he is doing was morally right. We can see this was a very regular way of thinking as the policeman says that his "superior officers were involved in it". Near the end of the source he talks about an incident where he himself was bribed and yet thinking that this was ordinary. This is just another example of how the system was corrupt and also backs up what was said in Source I. This is a more detailed account of what is illustrated in Source I with the picture showing a line of officials willing to take a bribe. The majority of the sources I have studied have pointed to prohibition was a failure. But because in some sources there are a few points that show that prohibition had a chance of being successful it means that prohibition was not inevitable. For example the reason that prohibition was introduced was because of the massive amount of support it got from the public. Because there were such a large number of people that thought Prohibition was right it would have been pressure on those who wanted to go against it. Therefore Prohibition had a is not inevitable. ...read more.

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