• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Study all the sources.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question F Study all the sources. "Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event by the German people". How far do the sources support this claim? Source A is a summary of Fritz Hesse's account of a dinner with Hitler. Hesse was a journalist for the Nazis. He wrote his account in 1954. Source A tells us that it was the Nazis and Goebbles who were planning the attacks on the Jews. It then goes on to say that Hesse overheard Goebbles telling Hitler about the mass attacks that he and the SA men were going to carry out against the Jews. The source also tells us that Hitler was delighted about the plans, and that he "slapped his thigh with enthusiasm". A concern with source A is that Fritz Hesse did not write his account until 1954, which was 16 years after the event. Although it would have been an important event in Hesse's life, it would be highly unlikely that he could have remembered the event as vividly as it is wrote. This can make the information unreliable as Hesse could have forgotten information or wrongly remembered it. Another concern would be that Hesse only heard Goebbles whispering to Hitler. This means that he might not have heard the whole conversation, and could have made his own mind up about what they were talking about. ...read more.

Middle

Source D is a description of the events in the weeks before Kristallnacht. It was written in 1938, by a German Jew. There are concerns about the reliability of the source. A major concern is that it was written by a German Jew. This means that it could be biased towards the Jews. This fact makes the source less reliable. The source implies that it was the German citizens who carried out the acts of terror against the Jews. It tells us that in the weeks before Kristallnacht there had been conflict and unrest amongst the masses. This agrees with the claim "Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event by the German people", as it is implying that it was the German people. Source E was a note signed "a civil servant". It was sent to the British consul in Cologne on the 12th November, 1938. The reliability of the source could be questioned as the writer of it is anonymous. Therefore we cannot check the reliability of the source with him. In the source it tells us of the destruction and violence that was caused by the Nazis and the SA men. This disagrees with the statement of "Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event by the German people" as it says that the Nazis were to blame. ...read more.

Conclusion

In source I it tells us that Hitler was annoyed with the events of kristallnacht because they destroyed German property as well as his plans with the French. This implies that Hitler was not to blame for kristallnacht. A major concern that we can see right away is that Frau Troost did not give her account of the conversation with Hitler until 1971. This is 33 years after the events of kristallnacht. This means that it would be very unlikely that she could have remembered the conversation accurately. She might have remembered the conversation though as it would have been a special occasion for her. She could have simply made the whole thing up just because she wanted the fame and money from the interviewer, as people wanted to know about the life of Hitler and would pay for it. Overall source I agrees with the claim "Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event by the German people", as it says that Hitler was not happy with the events of Kristallnacht, therefore implies that it was the German people and not the Nazis. Despite this, most of the sources disagree with the statement "Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event by the German people", which leads us to the conclusion that it was the Nazi's that carried out the events of Kristallnacht. Only sources I, B and D agree that the blame was at the doorstep of the German people. 1 Connor Richardson 10ws ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Which of these two sources would an historian studying Kristallnacht find the more useful?

    Source C tells us that the official view of the Nazis was that Kristallnacht was "a spontaneous wave of anger" by the German people but that the German public was "obviously horrified" by the Nazi acts and this tells us that they would have no incline to do this themselves.

  2. Kristallnacht was a spontaneous even by the German people. How far do these ...

    that the cartoon is part of the Russian propaganda showing that the Nazis were as bad as the Tsar and in a way, warning them not to go and join the Nazi parties. This cartoon is implying that the Nazi party were behind the Kristallnacht and it was not a spontaneous event by the German people.

  1. What was the main cause of Kristallnacht?

    is a sword in his right hand and another in his left to indicate violence; the sword has blood dripping to indicate recentness. The attacks that he made must have also been very destructive because he is standing next to, or on top of, a pile of broken furniture and

  2. Which of these two sources would an historian studying Kristallnacht find the more useful?

    The Nazi soldier is standing upon dead bodies (Jewish bodies) and wreckage, whilst holding blood-stained weapons. The Tsar is saying to the Nazi that "attacking the Jews did me no good my fascist Friend", meaning that the Nazis hatred for Jews will come back to haunt them, as the Tsars

  1. Why Did Kristallnacht Take Place? (a) A ...

    It may have been, as stated in source A, that Goebbels was out of favour with Hitler and that he was trying to win back support from his leader. Overall, source B is very useful to show how the Nazi party wanted the perception of events to seem, but on

  2. Kristallnacht - source related study

    Everything in this source points to the Nazi's. However, because this source was published in a Russian newspaper, it is propaganda which means it is likely to be biased against the Nazi's because the communists hated them. This means that they are likely to blame them for anything so this source is not very reliable.

  1. Source Investigation: Why did Kristallnacht take place?

    events of Kristallnacht, and the ordinary German people were innocent bystanders, 'viewing the ruins and the violence' in horror, powerless to argue with the Nazis. Being a primary source, written by a member of the American Consul from what he had seen himself, we are inclined to believe this account,

  2. Kristallnacht - source related study.

    When he describes the crowd as being "obviously horrified", it seems a bit of a strange reaction considering that if they were too shocked they may be arrested or taken away, so this may be inaccurate. Buffman himself says "the slightest sign of sympathy for the Jews from the public

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work