• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Study Source A, The Long Shadow of little Rock . What can you learn from Source A about what happened at Little Rock in September 1957??

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework Study Source A. what can you learn from Source A about what happened at little rock in September 1957? Source A is from a book written by Elizabeth Eckford, called "The Long Shadow of little Rock", and was published in 1962. The extract is taken from the day that 9 black students were to enrol at Little Rock High in 1957. During the time there was a very high level of segregation and racism towards the black people, and many blacks were mistreated. It shows how violently and unkindly people reacted to black people just because of the colour of their skin. An example from the Source would be "Lynch her, Lynch her", this example shows that this kind of treatment is a reflection of how the hatred was turnt into violence. A more straightforward example would be the guard's failure to defend her; when the guard is supposed to protect her: he raised his bayonet. The Source clearly shows that she is frightened and that nobody would defend her because she was black. We can learn from the Source that during the late 1950's racism and inequality was high. We can also see that Little Rock is a racist school and this can reflect on the society at that time in the USA. The Source does need to be questioned, as it is one sided and does not give a wider view; however, the Source being a witnessed account, the Source has a high reliability. We can see from the Source that racism is high, and learn that a very big amount of whites are against blacks. ...read more.


Source F is the opinion poll results for the years 1961-1964, it shows the public view on the most important problem being faced by the country. Source G is a photograph from Birmingham Alabama, May 1963. It shows Civil Rights protesters being dragged away by power hoses. Source H is from a school history book, written in the 1980's. It shows how Martin Luther King's non-violent campaign came into conflict with the police. It also shows how these events were reported and aired on television, and that the previously indifferent whites were now appalled and sickened by the hostility of the police. Throughout this question I will show how Sources G and H support the changes in public opinion shown in Source F. In 1961 the most important problems being faced by the Americans were prices and inflation. This was most likely related to the consumer society which was growing at a very high rate at the time. In 1962 the main problem being faced had changed rapidly into war, peace and international problems. This was because there was a huge threat of nuclear war breaking out, due to the Cuban Missile Crisis. 1962 was a time in the Cold war where the relations between USA and USSR were very hostile. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the most important event in the cold war as a nuclear war was very close to happening. The main causes of the crisis were USA breaking off all diplomatic relations with Cuba. Relations between Castro the Cuban leader and America were also deteriorating. Castro was feeling threatened by America, so he asked the USSR for help. ...read more.


International relations between the USA and the USSR were also influential in the ending of segregation. USA wanted to show USSR that America was a democracy and that it was good to its country and its people. Therefore if any problems arose: the inequality and segregation, America would not look good. USA would be shown in bad light and reflect that America could not deal with domestic problems. This would not be good for America and for that reason USA needed to put a stop to segregation. In conclusion TV was very important in comparison to other factors. I believe that it was the most influential. Television passed on the abuse that the blacks were receiving more than anything else. The congress did not want to act beforehand because it did not find it such a problem. Only when the public of America saw what was happening, and was shocked, sickened and no longer indifferent to the situation, Congress began to act. The Civil Right Act was only introduced in 1964, and in 1963 it was when the worst of the abuse was shown to the public: e.g. the Birmingham protests. Source F supports the fact that opinions quickly changed from 1962 into 1963 from international problems into racial problems, this reflects that the American public was deeply concerned about what was happening during this time. I agree with Source I that television had a very crucial part in ending segregation in the USA. The source needs to be questioned as it is biased because it comes from the NBC and that would be the view of someone from the media. However television was the most significant and this had been proved throughout. Nataliya Charnetski, 9A ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Reasons for increasing tension between Japan and USA before September 1941

    At the end of the war, Germany's interests in Shaunting were officially granted to Japan under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. News of the concession provoked a massive protest in China. Japan's desire to be an empire also greatly increased tensions.

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    * The Congress dramatically reduced the powers of the president * The War Powers Act of 1975 gave Congress the power to declare war in future. * There were tighter controls on Presidential spending * A Freedom of Information and privacy Act was passed 1977 to give people access to government files .

  1. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X - source related study in their difference of ...

    Martin Luther King also knew that the government would never respond to terrorism however, in source D, he also knew that even if black people supported peace rather than violence, violence could still be started by the opposition. Though peaceful protests gained supporters, it was a very slow process but

  2. Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

    It was a stark choice between co-existence and non-existence. * Both superpowers were on full scale alert. The USA had over 50 bombers armed with nuclear warheads continuously in the air during the crisis. When one landed, another took off.

  1. What happened at Sharpeville on 21 March 1960? Massacre or self defence?

    Source H says that 'they [blacks] must learn the hard way'. This is a very racist source and it seems that the policeman is proud and does not care about killing the blacks. The Source would have been given in the heat of the moment by the police chief who

  2. President John F Kennedy - source related study.

    This is another reason why Kennedy is such a controversial figure in history. 2) In order to establish the main aims and policies of the Kennedy Administration I will look at sources B, C, F and H. Source B is Kennedy's Inaugural Address in 1961.

  1. Civil Rights Coursework Sources Questions

    Eventually, after many court proceedings, they got the go ahead to march and get the Voting Rights Act 1965 passed. Nevertheless, this proved that black people found it difficult to change their lives though the political system, which turned many people towards more radical leaders such as Malcolm X of the Nation of Islam.

  2. Personal Log : The Cuban Missile Crisis

    a risk when they brought the world to the edge of a nuclear holocaust, but it would be unfair to label them both incompetents. After reading these three books I decided to look for a book which took the traditional view on the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work