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Study Source D and E and use your own knowledge. Why, despite the Suffragette activity, had women not gained the vote by the outbreak of the First World War

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In what ways did the attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe in the years 1941 onwards? The Nazis campaign against the Jews of Europe covered a broad spectrum, economically or financially, the Nazis seized large amount of property from the Jewish population, much of which was not returned, physically, the Nazis carried out what amounts to a reign of terror against those people. Brutality on the streets that only became worse when they were sent to the death camps at which they were targeted for torture, malnutrition, "medical" experiments, forced labour, and eventually the deportation of Zyklon B. Emotionally, much like the negative publicity in a political campaign, where one candidate tries to build himself up by pointing out the problems of an opponent, the Nazis attempted to demean the Jews by any means possible. They tried to destroy the very soul (mind and emotions) of the Jewish people in an attempt to elevate themselves above them. The Nazis tried to eliminate all of the Jews in Europe in many ways, starting off with a small case of violence and then it became even greater. In 1939 there were 350,00 Jews in Nazi Germany, as the Nazis invaded first Poland and then Russia, millions more Jews came under their control. By the end of 1941 there were around 6 million Jews living in German territory. ...read more.


They sent communists, Jews, people with special needs, the elderly, gypsies and people that were unfit to work there. The biggest concentration camp to ever be built was Auschwitz in Poland. At the beginning of 1942, the camp became first of all the site of the mass murder committed against the European Jews as part of the Nazi plan for their complete destruction. These types of camps not only held Jews but also Gypsies, political prisoners, disabled people, homosexuals and any other group that was thought to be a threat to the Nazi regime. The method used to kill people in the concentration camps was very straightforward. They were worked to death, given very little food- starvation rations and to do back-breaking labour. Most of the people died of malnutrition, filth and neglect. The camps swarmed with various sorts of vermin and rats and also a constant shortage of water for washing, and the lack of suitable sanitary facilities, aggravated their lives even more. The people that were in the camps were giving hard work labour which initially destroyed them. They were given work like levelling the ground, erecting new blocks and buildings, laying roads, and digging drainage ditches. The pace of the work, the starvation and rations of food and also the constant beatings and abuse exacerbated their death rate. ...read more.


Those fit enough were taken off in small groups". The Jews were told that their belongings were going to be given to them afterwards, but their belongings never reached them. Instead the Nazis searched through their belongings for valuables like gold or anything worthy. The Jews were split into two groups, one group that were unfit and unable to work in the camps and another group that were able to work. Before the Jews were killed in the gas chambers, they were told that they were going to be bathed and deloused. After they got undressed they went into the gas chamber, which was furnished with showers and water pipes and looked like a real bath house. This prevented the Jews to panic before they were killed. "I had visited the Treblinka camp where the commandant used carbon monoxide gas and I did not think this his methods were efficient. So at Auschwitz I used Zyklon B. Another improvement we made was to build gas chambers that could hold 2,000 people" "The doors were screwed up and the gas released through vents in the ceiling. It took from three to fifteen minutes to kill everyone. We usually waited half an hour before we opened the doors. Work then started on removing the gold from the teeth and cutting the hair from women". This quotation comes from the memoirs of Rudolf Hoess who was commandant of Auschwitz camp. ?? ?? ?? ?? Bianca Chanell Orum ...read more.

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