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Study Sources B and C. Which Source is more useful as evidence about the start of the children's evacuation journey? Explain your answer using Sources B and C and knowledge from your studies.

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Introduction

History Coursework: Britain in the Second World War 1. Study Sources B and C. Which Source is more useful as evidence about the start of the children's evacuation journey? Explain your answer using Sources B and C and knowledge from your studies. As a analyze these two sources I will take into account that these sources are being used as a means of concluding weather they are useful as pieces of evidence. I therefore will being looking for accuracy, realistic, reliability, limitations in helpfulness, facts and opinions. In Source B we can see a photograph taken in September 1939, of children walking in a group along a road with a teacher and some parents. The photograph is titled: "Evacuees walking to the station in London, September 1939". The first thing I can infer from this photograph is that it was taken at the time of evacuation and is therefore authentic. However there maybe the suspicion that the photograph has been posed. The children in the photograph are waving and smiling at the camera and there is a cheerful atmosphere about the situation. This is suspect to suspicion as I know from my own knowledge of the evacuation that children were often upset and miserable about being taken from their homes to strange places. Looking at the photograph we can see anxious Mothers bringing up the rear of the group which we know was the case during these times. We can see the gas mask boxes, traveling bags and tags on the children which we know to be authentic. ...read more.

Middle

However, Source G in itself is different from the other sources as they were taken from interviews of eyewitness from the evacuation period. Unlike Source G which is taken from a novel written by an author who probably wasn't involved in the evacuation. We cannot make that assumption but we can question the reliability of the source as it was written in 1973 for a children's story. Not only was it written 29 years after the last evacuation but it has been written for a story which is unlikely to contain the entire truth about the evacuation. I therefore conclude that Source G is not reliable as evidence about evacuees. 3. "Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation? Explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies. Before I answer the question I would like to raise the main aims of evacuation. The government had secretly planned for evacuation in 1935, but after the Munich Conference in 1938 war seemed unavoidable, so detailed plans for evacuation were made by the government. The evacuation was also brought on partially because of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 which was the first war to use aircraft to bomb civilians. This came as a shock to Britain and there was a fear of direct attack on Britain from Germany. In September 1939 the first evacuation was carried out. Over 1.5million people were evacuated. At the same time German troops crossed the border of Poland, much to the surprise of Britain. ...read more.

Conclusion

o Evacuation brought the nation together. It gave children from the cities a chance of a better life. At the same time, it taught wealthier families just how tough life was for poor people of Britain's slums. o After the war, the government made a real effort to get rid of bad housing and see that everyone got a decent wage. The evacuation exposed the true life of many of Britain's citizens and brought on a Social Reform under the control of Churchill. In conclusion It is my opinion that the evacuation was a success. Although, as shown above, there are two sides to every argument. There were some aspects of the evacuation that show that it was a waste of time, effort and money but there are just as many argument for the evacuation that say otherwise. In my opinion the advantages of the evacuation far exceed that of the short term effects. In the long run the evacuation uncovered many social problems in Britain's society which in turn the government picked up on and strove to correct them. The Social Reform that followed the evacuation was a great turning point in Britain's modern history. Not only did it give better wages and better housing, but a better quality of life for many of Britain's citizens. It improved our schooling and provided a new generation of better fed, better clothed children. If it wasn't for the efficiency and well organized effort of the evacuation there wouldn't have been a Social Reform. The evacuation saved lives for the people of that time but also secured the lives of the people many years after the war as well. That is why I agree with the statement: "Evacuation was a great success" ...read more.

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