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Study the following Interpretations of the effects of the New Deal.

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Introduction

History Question 7 Study the following Interpretations of the effects of the New Deal (I) The New Deal helped many Americans and by doing this, it gave them self-respect. It gave them confidence to lift the united states out of depression (II) The New Deal wasted a lot of money, it made people dependent on the government and led to the government becoming to powerful. It did not solve America's economic problems - the Second World War did that. Statement 1 is well supported, source B agrees that the New Deal was positive for America at that time. An American historian wrote it in 1945, he stated 'first comes the restoration of self-confidence'; he talks as though he has lived through the New Deal and how it has changed him through personal experience. He then goes on to talk about all the good things that the New Deal has done for the country such as Roosevelt sending 3 million young men in the cirvilian freecorps planting 17 million acres of new forests and build over 6 million dams to stop arosion. Source B also says how the American people have gone from depression to excitement. Source H also supports the new deal, it was written by an American who was helped by the new deal in the very first sentence of the letter is the statement 'every think is alright now'. ...read more.

Middle

It is trying to say that black people do not get the same rights that whites do. This was very much the case as the following evidence shows. Many New Deal agencies discriminated against black people. They either got no work or received worse treatment or lower wages. Roosevelt failed to pass laws against the lynching of black Americans. He feared that democratic senators in the southern states would not support him. On the graph, which is shown on the last page of the question, it shows that unemployment stopped falling in 1937 when Roosevelt cut the New Deal budget and after that, it rose to 19.0% of the total labour force unemployed. This figure only dropped when world war two broke out in 1939 and America were making arms for the allies, which put millions of unemployed Americans to work in factories. Also the New Deal never solved the underlying economic problems, the US economy took longer to recover than most European countries also through the 1930's the American's only spent and invested about 75% of what they had before 1929 showing they had not regained full confidence. However statement one is not fully representative of the impact of the New Deal. It singles out the negative points, which are highlighted by some of the sources Iv studied Source C is an extract from the book 'The Roosevelt Myth' by an American historian, published in 1945 that supports statement two. ...read more.

Conclusion

Statement two does not recognise any of the benefits of the New Deal and says that the government has become too powerful, unlike source B, which says 'although the government has far greater responsibilities, it has no greater power, all of its power is still in the hands of the people'. Source B also says that 'the charge that Roosevelt has been a dictator is not true'. Statement it also does not acknowledge the successes of the New Deal between 1932 and 1937, such as; it stopped the depression from getting any worse, it helped farmers stay in there property and helped them beat the Dust Bowl, it brought better social security which means more benefits for the unemployed and better pensions when you retire, it provided a strong foundation for the future because it built schools and roads, it saved Democracy, it improved co-ordination between local and central governments, and finally the New Deal restored the faith of the American people in their government In conclusion I feel that the New Deal had failed to pull America out of economic depression and by 1937 unemployment had risen back up to 19.0% of the total labour force, however in 1939 with the out break of world war two President Roosevelt was saved by the employment of the American people making munitions for the allied war effort in Europe, and later in being involved in the second world war. However in retrospect there is no clear answer to the success of the new deal. As everyone manipulates the facts for there own devises. ...read more.

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