• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Styal Mill - Study sources A, B, C and D. Which of these sources would a historian find most useful if he/she was studying nineteenth century factory conditions?

Extracts from this document...


Question2 - Study sources A, B, C and D. Which of these sources would a historian find most useful if he/she was studying nineteenth century factory conditions? Source A is an extract from an interview between the superintendents, George and Elizabeth, and the government official checking on how apprentice children were treated. It took place in 1836 and the government was checking up on the 1833 factory act to see if factories were sticking to the rules. Source A is useful because it mentions that apprentices are used in the mills and that they work 10 and half hours during the day. George and Elizabeth probably didn't know that they were getting their boss in trouble because they may not have known that the children were not supposed to work more than 9 hours per day. When George and Elizabeth were asked how many people had been ill during the past year, they did not answer the question properly, by saying "We have very little sickness" It may suggest that quite a lot of people had been ill, but they just want to keep it quiet and also because they work for Samuel Greg, they would rather protect him by using answers like what they used. ...read more.


A use of the source is that it tells us apprentices as young as 7 were working at the mill, and I would suggest that a lot of the apprentices were sent away from the family, and we know that tom was sent to Manchester, where-as his mother stayed in London to work. Source C is an extract from an account written by Robert Hyde Greg, Samuels son. It was written in 1836, 3 years after the factory act came into place. Robert was being interviewed about two apprentices, Esther Price and Lucy Garner, who had both ran away and were punished. Robert tells us that Lucy and Esther ran away and came back on the following Thursday and the next Tuesday. He mentions that if any body else ran away, then he would go back to the old punishment of cutting all of their hair off. Robert says 'old' punishment, which implies that the punishment carried on in other 19th century mill and that there at styal they had stopped doing it. A limitation of the source us that Robert is Sam's son, so therefore, the account of what happened is most probably biased as we are not sure what the two girls account of what happened is. ...read more.


A limitation of the source is that he says, "I was no in a position to ask the workers what they really thought, since Greg was present." From this, he was unable to find out what the conditions were like there, because if Greg was there with them, they would have most probably only said good things about him as they did not want to get into trouble. Friedrich becomes quite sarcastic in some ways, as he is making out that Greg put on a show, as he never showed unhealthy people, which back then it was quite known that mills always had ill people working. In conclusion, I would argue that source D would be the most reliable source to use if a historian was studying nineteenth century factory conditions. This is because in source D, it not only talks about the conditions in Greg's mill, but is also comparing with other mills in and around Manchester and therefore we have a rough idea as to what the conditions were like in other mills. Friedrich Engels was a man who had visited many mills and because of this, his account of the mill would be the most reliable and also because he was a socialist, he would tell the truth if something was bad or good. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Jarrow: questions 3, 4 and 5 (sources)

    The government did try to help by introducing the means test in 1931.the means test is an unemployment benefit that lasted for 26 weeks: when this was up, people were given transitional payments. Before you get the benefit the government would send inspectors over to make sure you have nothing

  2. Describe law and order in London in the last 19th century

    Some of the different roles of police forces were inspecting bridges, being lifesavers and were used as school attendance officers. In 1839 the Rural Constabulary Act was passed. This allowed magistrates to decide whether to set up police forces in each county.

  1. How useful are sources A, B and C to an historian studying the attitudes ...

    Source D is from a secondary source (General Haig's Private War). The pictures satirises the famous poster of Kitchener. This is very anti-Haig and probably from the 60s when the hatred for Haig has reached its pinnacle however it could have also come from a trench magazine produced by soldiers.

  2. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    It shows the issue of over crowding, the low roof and the clothes worn which show some similarity. Further more the treatment to children could be equal to the harsh working conditions. However many factory owners denied treating children using corporal punishment but a source written by Robert Owen, a

  1. Deterioration of Prison Conditions

    The isolation sent some of them mad. The silent system meant that they were not allowed to talk to each other. Sometimes they even wore masks to stop them communicating. This was very harsh and suicides went up so it could hardly be called an improvement.' Answer 2 'People who wanted to change prisons wanted to do

  2. Haig in sources

    to their deaths, Britain suffered 420,000 casualties, and nearly 20,000 were killed on the first day alone. Enormous courage was shown by the soldiers but betrayed by the leaders. "Lions led by Donkeys". 3. Study Sources D and E What do you think Haig expected to happen on the first day of the Somme?

  1. How useful are the sources A, B and C in understanding what the battle ...

    Sources B and C are useful to show what the people of Britain were lead to believe, showing that censorship and propaganda affected everything that the people knew, but source A is useful to show what the soldiers were really like when the navy finally arrived to help them.

  2. Study Sources B and C. Which Source is more useful as evidence about the ...

    This may point out the inaccuracy of the source. However this maybe due to the fact that the interview was made in 1988. The eyewitness may have misremembered as the event was over 40 years ago. Although this was an isolated incident and does not reflect any of the other

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work