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sufferage campaign

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Introduction

Describe the ways in which the methods of the suffragists and suffragettes were different. The campaign to win the vote for women in Britain first began in the 1850's. The suffragists and the suffragettes, although using the same ultimate goal, which was to win the vote for women, used different methods to campaign. The NUWSS known as the suffragists used peaceful methods to campaign. However even though the suffragettes aimed for a similar goal they used a completely new tactic to get what they wanted. The WSPU known as the suffragettes used violent methods to campaign. In this essay I will discuss the ways in which the techniques of campaigning of the suffragists and suffragettes were different and how effective they were for their campaign. By the late 19th century there were many meetings held by local groups all over the country to give women the vote. The campaigners consisted mainly of middle class women. Then in 1890 hundreds of local groups got together and later called themselves the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). They were known as the suffragists. The group was led by a woman called Millicent Fawcett. Fawcett believed in peaceful methods of campaigning. ...read more.

Middle

They were then nicknamed the suffragettes. Now unlike the NUWSS the WSPU decided to use violent methods to campaign as the peaceful, legal methods were not getting anyone's attention. The WSPU not only campaigned for votes for women like the NUWSS but also for better working and living conditions for women. Sylvia Pankhurst described their aims "to create an impression on the public and to set everyone talking about votes for women, to keep the subject on the press and leave the government no peace from it." So the main aim of the suffragettes was to get the subject about women's suffrage back as main news, which is what they did using some of their very violent tactics. The WSPU had a motto, which was "deeds not words" and so unlike the suffragists who only talked about the issues, the suffragettes acted upon their motto by heckling at meetings by attacking cabinet ministers and deliberately getting themselves arrested and sent to prison, so that they could grab the attention of the public and the government again like they intended to, which they did, because soon the campaign for women's vote was important news again, as the papers started taking notice of them. ...read more.

Conclusion

However when MPs tried to introduce women's suffrage to the Bill, they were told that this changed the account of the bill, so much so it would have to be withdrawn. This angered so many supporters of the women's suffrage and the suffragettes increased their use of violence. They started to organise more window smashing and then they went to extreme lengths by carrying out arson and bombing places and sabotage in many places in Britain. This started to lose the support of many MPs who had supported the campaign in the past and it also gave Asquith who was already against women's suffrage not to give in. However the NUWSS worked hard to win back the support of the public. They made membership free and by 1914 over 50,000 more women had joined Mrs. Fawcett's campaign. But none the less the situation looked almost hopeless. The suffragists and suffragettes both had the same aim in their campaign however their use of methods to campaign made them different. The suffragists used peaceful moderate law abiding methods to campaign. However the suffragettes used more violent illegal methods, which were more effective because the peaceful methods were too slow and did not attract any attention. So the WSPU saw violence as the only answer to attract attention of the government. This is what made the two organisations different from each other. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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