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Summary about Nazi Germany.

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Introduction

Janis Lasmanis 11. sb Summary about Nazi Germany. 1. Origin, rise. First of all Germany was not used to democracy, as Kaiser had a lot of power on him own before 1918. Also there were many small parties in the who could not agree with each other. The proportional voting system could not provide the control of Reichstag for one party. The Weimar republic was associated with the hated Versailles treaty. Also economic problems like hyperinflation and reparations made workers unsatisfied with the existing government. Hitler decided to change things, but his first attempt - Munich Putsch was unsuccessful. Anyway after getting out of prison he decided to seize power by convincing the voters that he was the last hope for Germany. He was a great orator and also his book "Mein Kampf" made many citizens to believe in Hitler. The special army - SA was established that made many assassinated many politicians. During the great depression Hitler promised new jobs for the workers. Also the two rival parties - SPD and KPD - were fighting for votes and did not work against Hitler. ...read more.

Middle

The State Secret Police - Gestapo controlled almost every aspect of the German people lives so it was very dangerous to oppose the government in any aspect. There were also other police forces like SS and SA. Also concentration camps were built to hold there the enemies of the Nazi party but actually the main inhabitants of those camps were the Jews. 5. Domestic policies. Trade unions were banned and the Nazi run German Labour Front was put in the place of the unions. The Beauty of Labour was made to improve working conditions. The Strength Through Joy organization gave holidays to workers. Also National Labour Service was established. Private ownership was sustained but the state controlled the whole economy. Hitler introduced the Four Year Plan to make Germany an autarchy. Hitler also took control of the young Germans: the schools were introduced with the Science of Races. All boys had to join the Hitler Youth and girls had to join the League of German Maidens. Religion was brought under the control of the state: the National Church was established and the Concordat with the Catholic Church was signed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Everything was under the censorship - radio, newspapers, magazines, books, theatre, films, music and art. The Reich Chamber of Culture was made to keep an eye on all this. It was the Hitler's personality cult. The forbidden books were burned in public etc. Goebbels also organized spectacular rallies and parades to let people see how powerful Hitler was. 8. Successes and failures of the regime. First of all the unemployment was completely exterminated (but it also included the removal of Jews and women from the work force and also 1935 the conscription and rearmament is introduced). Care was taken to support the simple workers and also the wealthy businessmen were delighted. But he never manager to make Germany an autarky. In overall he managed to establish the totalitarian regime in Germany and control the citizens, but he was finally defeated when tried to invade USSR and declare war on the United States. 9. Impact on region and world. Some other dictatorships were established as they saw the Hitler's successes for example Karlis Ulmanis in Latvia. But the main impact is that Hitler's policies led to the World War 2 - almost whole Europe was occupied by Nazis and in all this territory the Holocaust was in action. ...read more.

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