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The 1905 revolution was primarily a result of the economic depression rather than the failings of the Tsar, how far do you agree with this statement?

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Introduction

"The 1905 revolution was primarily a result of the economic depression rather than the failings of the Tsar", how far do you agree with this statement? Russia's industry had grown at an enormous rate since 1890 but in 1899 Russia was hit with a huge depression that produced widespread unemployment and urban discontent. Towards the end of 1902 and through early 1903, there were widespread mass strikes throughout the major cities in the country. During the lead up to 1905 the economic depression in Russia played a large part in the attempted revolution. Clearly, however it must be remembered that it was not enough on its own to cause the events of 1905 but it is its inter-relationship with other elements in Russian society that explain why there was an attempt at revolution in 1905. ...read more.

Middle

Even worse for the government was that the war meant that inflation rose rapidly causing prices to rise. The war was in addition causing food shortages and the lack of materials meant that many factories had to close making many workers unemployed As well as the weakness of the regime, and the growth of political opposition, there were many events in Russia, which brewed discontent. By 1905, there were several long-term problems that had come to light. By allowing the peasantry to migrate and marry, Alexander II caused the Russian population to nearly double from 76 million in 1861 to 140 million in 1905. This increase in population put a strain on the land, so by 1901 the average peasant land holdings fell by 20%. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, Nicholas II was opposed to reform as he did not wish to weaken his position, he did, however, push for the industrialization of Russia as he believed it would end the urban discontent and unrest. All it succeeded in doing was worsening the situation as the benefits of the increases in productivity benefited an elite, the workers; on the other hand, saw no reward for their hard work, a system reminiscent of the times of serfdom. The economic depression and the failings of the tsar are both crucial elements of the 1905 revolution. Nicholas II's rule resulted in poor social, economic and working conditions and his fear of reform resulted in a depression. The revolution was brought about by the revolutionaries created by the tsarist regime. An autocratic regime that resulted in squalid conditions for the poor, breeding grounds for social discontent and revolutionary thought. - 1 - ...read more.

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