• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The 1905 revolution was primarily a result of the economic depression rather than the failings of the Tsar, how far do you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The 1905 revolution was primarily a result of the economic depression rather than the failings of the Tsar", how far do you agree with this statement? Russia's industry had grown at an enormous rate since 1890 but in 1899 Russia was hit with a huge depression that produced widespread unemployment and urban discontent. Towards the end of 1902 and through early 1903, there were widespread mass strikes throughout the major cities in the country. During the lead up to 1905 the economic depression in Russia played a large part in the attempted revolution. Clearly, however it must be remembered that it was not enough on its own to cause the events of 1905 but it is its inter-relationship with other elements in Russian society that explain why there was an attempt at revolution in 1905. ...read more.

Middle

Even worse for the government was that the war meant that inflation rose rapidly causing prices to rise. The war was in addition causing food shortages and the lack of materials meant that many factories had to close making many workers unemployed As well as the weakness of the regime, and the growth of political opposition, there were many events in Russia, which brewed discontent. By 1905, there were several long-term problems that had come to light. By allowing the peasantry to migrate and marry, Alexander II caused the Russian population to nearly double from 76 million in 1861 to 140 million in 1905. This increase in population put a strain on the land, so by 1901 the average peasant land holdings fell by 20%. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, Nicholas II was opposed to reform as he did not wish to weaken his position, he did, however, push for the industrialization of Russia as he believed it would end the urban discontent and unrest. All it succeeded in doing was worsening the situation as the benefits of the increases in productivity benefited an elite, the workers; on the other hand, saw no reward for their hard work, a system reminiscent of the times of serfdom. The economic depression and the failings of the tsar are both crucial elements of the 1905 revolution. Nicholas II's rule resulted in poor social, economic and working conditions and his fear of reform resulted in a depression. The revolution was brought about by the revolutionaries created by the tsarist regime. An autocratic regime that resulted in squalid conditions for the poor, breeding grounds for social discontent and revolutionary thought. - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How far did the 1905 revolution weaken then Tsarist regime?

    The Tsar made concessions to gain back support, however this made the Tsar look weak and that the tsarist regime was under threat. The October Manifesto, the Tsar allowed the formation of an elected legislative assembly, the Duma. Technically, this would mean that the Tsar had to share his autocratic

  2. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    charge .The laws had also stated that public baths should be built to enable others with no private facility to wash . Furthermore , more acts were being carried out as the Artisans Dwellings Acts had included the right for all homes to have proper insulation on the walls .

  1. What Were The Causes of The1905 Revolution & TheConsequences of The Uprising?

    A general strike in Russia occurred in 1905, with both urban and rural workers protesting together. Father Gapon led a group of workers to the Winter palace with a petition for reforms for the Tsar. The protest was a peaceful one and the workers carried portraits and candles for the Tsar.

  2. 'THE TSARIST REGIME WAS SECURE BY 1905'

    They became an important political force in the revolution. They had little success and didn't pose a great threat to the security of tsarist regime or itdidnt't look likely that they would cause a revolution. They led the assassination of Alexander II, which weakened the Populist movement, and this made

  1. Assess the idea that is the ideologies, which emerge from the French revolution, rather ...

    This was to be proven a major error in his thinking. "The third Estate took a decisive revolutionary step by proclaiming its conversion into a National Assembly". (C/H French revolution). The Royal government, knew at this early stage they were getting nowhere, and there was to be no turning back for these newly empowered people.

  2. Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution ...

    The peasant's expectations were raised, however the Tsar could not deliver to them. Alexander II made this reform to alleviate pressure from himself. The reform opened the way for industrial development. However, emancipation imposed harsh economic conditions on the peasants and did not satisfy their need for farmland.

  1. History - USSR - The main reason for the February/March Revolution was The World ...

    This did not do much for her image. Another factor which made her even more unpopular was her close relationship with the monk, Rasputin. Rasputin was a highly immoral peasant who claimed to possess spiritual powers and the ability to cure the heir to the throne Alexis, who suffered a fatal condition known as haemophilia.

  2. Do you agree with the view that it was primarily the lack of co-ordination ...

    On 22nd January 1905 approximately 200,000 people turned up at the Winter Palace to present the Tsar with a petition requesting rights like 'a minimum wage'. The Tsars guards open fired on the marchers, killing around 200 people, including women and children.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work