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The Age Of Exploration And Discovery

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Introduction

The Age Of Exploration And Discovery 1415-1603 By: Savio Moniz 2E Part 1 Within a period of less than 300 years, from about 1415 - 1603, European explorers discovered that all the seas of the world formed one continuous ocean, a fact that encouraged them, with the help of Prince Henry the Navigator, to undertake voyages into previously uncharted areas. They found new lands and opened up new trade routes, colonies and settlements were established in many parts of the world. The patronage of Prince Henry (1394 - 1460) encouraged Portuguese explorers to make numerous voyages of discovery along the western coast of Africa during the 1400s. Strange products and great wealth were brought back to Europe. Nations became powerful through their acquisition of overseas territories and, consequently, fought each other for supremacy over them. For thousands of years, people knew very little about their world. The peoples of the Americas did not know that there were other lands - Europe, Asia and Africa - where other people lived. In the same way, the peoples of Europe had no idea that America existed. Between 1492 and 1522, the Spanish sent out a series of voyagers across the seas which brought the two worlds together for the first time. The sailors were not looking for America, but Asia. At first, they did not realise what they had found - they thought that America was part of Asia. ...read more.

Middle

If he had sailed west from Spain, he would have had to battle against the wind. After a stop for repairs in the Canaries, the ships headed off across the unknown ocean. The winds were perfect and the ships made good speed. As the days passed without sight of land, the sailors grew more and more troubled. Columbus's main concern was to keep the crew happy so that they wouldn't turn against him. In the early morning of the 12th October, the cry that everyone had been waiting for came from the look-out on the Pinta: "Land! Land!" After a month at sea, a small, low-flying island had been sighted. The three ships dropped anchor at the island and Columbus went ashore. There were people watching Columbus who called themselves the Taino, a word meaning 'good people', and they called their island Guanahani. However, Columbus was convinced that he had reached the Indies and he called them Indians. He called the island San Salvador. Today it is also known as Watling Island, in the Bahamas. Columbus wanted to lose no time, but to press on to find Cipangu and then the mainland. He was sure that these lands, with their cities and heaps of gold, must be very close. The ships sailed south and on the 28th October, Columbus reached this large island, which the local people called Cuba. ...read more.

Conclusion

Part 4 The Age of Exploration and Discovery proved to be very important to Europe, especially Spain and Portugal. It opened new trade routes to the west as well as new riches being brought back from these distant lands. Unfortunately for Spain, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan had found a quicker route to the Indies by sailing west. But the Spanish had found something else - a new world called America. Within this 165 year period of discovery, saw an incredibly fast growth in human knowledge. In 1492, Europeans did not know what lay across the Atlantic Ocean. Thirty years later, they had sailed all the way round the world. DATE CHART 1415 Portuguese capture of 1513 Balboa's discovery Ceuta. of the Pacific. 1419 - 60 Henry the Navigator at 1518 - 21 Cortec's conq- at Sagres. uest of the Aztecs. 1420 Portuguese discovery of 1519 Magellan reached Madeira. the Pacific. 1431 Portuguese discovery of 1531 - 33 Pizarro's conq- Azores. uest of the Incas. 1441 Portuguese discovery of the 1535 Cartier sailed up Cape Verde Islands. The St. Lawrence. 1487 Bartholomew Diaz reached 1562 - 67 Voyages of The Cape of Good Hope. John Hawkins. 1492 Christopher Columbus crossed 1577 - 80 Drake's The Atlantic. voyage around the World. 1497 - 99 Vasco da Gama's voyage to Calicut. 1497 John Cabot discovered Newfoundland. 1500 Portuguese annexation of Brazil. 1511 Portuguese capture of Goa. ...read more.

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