• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Arab-Israeli Conflict

Extracts from this document...


GCSE History Coursework Modern World Study: The Arab-Israeli Conflict Why has it been so difficult to bring peace between Israel and the Palestinians since 1948? 1. The Roots of the Conflict Both the Arabs and the Israelis have equal religious and historical claims over Jerusalem, and these claims are the roots of the conflict. Jerusalem is Judaism's holiest city and is the site of Solomon's temple and the Dome of the Rock mosque, where Abraham sacrificed Isaac. Jerusalem is Islam's third holiest city, and is the site of the Al-Aqsa mosque. Jews first settled Palestine around 1200BC. In 63BC the Romans captured Jerusalem. After the Jewish revolt of 50-60AD the Jews were driven out of Palestine as punishment. This was known as the Diaspora. A second Diaspora followed another revolt in 135AD and from this time until the late nineteenth century Jews spread across Europe and few lived in Palestine. Until 642AD only small numbers of Arabs lived in Palestine. ...read more.


900,000 Arabs had fled from their homes seeking refuge in neighbouring countries. After the war in 1967, 181,300m2 of land was taken by Israel, and 1,115,000 Palestinian refugees were living in neighbouring countries, resulting in the formation of the PLO and Hamas in refugee camps. They had no permanent homes and no government of their own. Gaza Strip, West Bank and Jerusalem were now occupied territories. When Israelis began to occupy the West Bank after 1967, Arabs were either forced out or worked as a lower class with Israeli machinery working of agricultural land production trebling. Israeli presence increased the number of refugees in the West Bank. Jerusalem was included in this area. Settlers angered the Arabs as they felt it violated the negotiation that if Israeli state was recognised, Arabs could have land back. Land was used for industry, especially weapon construction. There were many settlements in the West Bank at this time. Jerusalem will always be a point of argument as it is holy to both sides, and politically neither is willing to concede. ...read more.


Finally, they wanted the refugees to be allowed to return. Both sides broke the 1993/5 peace agreement. 3. Recent Events and the Current Situation In September 2000, Ariel Sharon visited Al-Aqsa mosque, causing much anger among Palestinians. The al-Aqsa Intifada and al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades emerged from this incident. The Intifada was the Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of West Bank and Gaza Strip. Through 2005 the level of violence sunk to a level which has made many declare the Intifada is coming to an end. Others define the Intifada to be ongoing even in 2006. From the Palestinian side, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and the Martyrs' Brigades, performed several attacks on Israeli interests, largely suicide bombings. Towards the end of 2000, a wall dividing Jewish and Palestinian territory starts being constructed, solely placed on Palestinian land, by which Palestinian territory is effectively annexed by Israel. In fairness, the construction of this wall did decrease the number of suicide bombings. In February 2004 Sharon declared a plan to remove all Jewish settlers from the Gaza Strip. However, this did not end the violence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. There has been a significant Palestinian refugee problem for the last fifty years. Do ...

    This source should not have a great bias as both the women, from each side of the conflict, are agreeing with each other. It is useful as it shows people that the crisis is still continuing 20 years after the original photograph.

  2. How did the Village of Deir Yassin come to be Fought Over in 1948 ...

    The pamphlet uses emotive language to try and make the reader sympathise with their cause. Examples of this are "cold blood" and "mutilated", these words make the reader believe that the Israelis are evil and ruthless. The source has both some true facts in it and some opinions that are posing as facts.

  1. Why has there been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours since 1973?

    This has led to conflict because both believe that the terrorist attacks were unfair and those that die should be avenged by reciprocating the attacks. These are the attacks made by Palestinians. On the 1st of June, 2001, twenty young Israelis were killed by a suicide bomber in a Tel Aviv disco.

  2. The Greek Diaspora to Australia

    Out of the 2200 Greek migrants only four made their way into professions, a doctor, an engineer and two priests Later, a civil war had risen and the turmoil lead Greek people to emigrate in search of political freedom, work, and better standards of living for their families.

  1. The basic idea of my project is to demonstrate that Colombia's global reputation, drugs ...

    Unfortunately we do have to accept that part of this fame, the worst part of all this is that our true reality is 3 times worse than what is shown in the movies. We've been gaining this image as the years go by, thanks to movies like Scarface and Imminent

  2. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    Duvalier played on his own experience as well. He'd worked a lot in the field and with people, and achieved the nickname Papa Doc. He knew what people was concerned with, and promised them this in his campaign, in addition he recognized the importance of voodoo in the lives of the common Haitian, and this was to be

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    This ended the competitive space race and showed that both superpowers could work and live together. A further key feature was the Helsinki conference which was attended by over 35 countries including the USSR and the USA. The conference discussed human rights, trading and freedom to travel ? all of which were agreed by both superpowers.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    in its own store of nuclear weapons and did not want other countries to catch up. * Stalemate in Europe had been accepted for some time - both interested in easing tensions and cooperating in trade and other areas * The Soviets could see many advantages in cooperation with the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work