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The Battle of the Somme - source related study.

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Introduction

The Battle of the Somme Coursework Question 1: Source a shows us the life of the men in trenches during a war. The source is a secondary sourced book by an English (not British) historian and published in 1976. the extract does not at any stage write about a particular war or side but one can assume from the year of the battle of Somme and the year of the book, the aim of the author was to coincide with the 60th anniversary of the battle of Somme. Source a describes life in the trenches as silly and repetitive, the author writes that night time was more busier than daytime which means it was more hazardous. The author attempts to describe that general day to day situation in trenches. He talks about the trench life of being a daily routine and of bleak discomfort for the soldiers. This implies that there were often great periods of quiet. Source a fails to describe the fighting in trench life and does not mention the diseases such as trench foot, the soldiers were faced with. ...read more.

Middle

If the men did not die from full on contact deaths still occurred from snipers and shells. Source c clearly shows that other times were dangerous than others, or example July - November 1916 was more dangerous than July 1915- June 1916. Source c may also be misleading, as there is no reference to injured soldiers of the battle. Source c is inaccurate as it tells us the same number of deaths occurred a day over a period of time, which is very unlikely so consequently the deaths would have been averaged over this time period. As a conclusion, source a is booked up by source b but are both challenged by source c. Question 3 Source d is an extract from a book for children, which was published in 1916. It is a primary piece of evidence as it is written at the time of the event. The extract talks about the allied troops and how they battled through no-mans land and described the battle as one-sided. It also implies that not a single allied soldier was injured. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was made to ease the suffering and pain for the wives and children of the soldiers and o gain more support from the public. This source is very positive and inspiring due to film editing such as looping. Footage is looped to give the effect of many good things happening a lot such as prisoners being led away. The film also shows that the Germans were not returning fire but would show the allied troops with big weapons and seem to be in power. Question 4 In source g, there are many dead bodies lying on the floor and four living soldiers looking down on them. This source is a primary piece of evidence as it is looking down on them. This source is a primary piece of evidence as it is taken at the time. The provenance does not tell us who took the photo or what purpose it was for. I would imagine it was taken to keep record and not for the public at home as it would cause panic and they would cause panic and they would lose support, as people would see the reality of what is actually happening to their loved ones. ...read more.

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