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The Battle of the Somme was a failure that achieved nothing positive for the British or Allied position in 1916. Discuss

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Introduction

´╗┐The Battle of the Somme was a failure that achieved nothing positive for the British or Allied position in 1916 The battle of Somme was one of the most significant battles in the First World War, this battle was horrific and its casualties were over a million, but it achieved its objectives. In this battle an extraordinary amount of men were killed. The battle of Somme was an attack of the French army with the British support. It was fought from July to November of 1916. This battle had various objectives; The Allied forces attempted to break through the German lines and had to relieve the pressure the Germans had put on the French town of Verdun was being attacked by the Germans and was about to be taken over. ...read more.

Middle

The British forces were commanded by General Douglas Haigh and the French by Joseph Jacques Cesaire. The German forces were commanded by Paul Von Hindenburg and Eric Lundendorff. The battle took place to attack the fortified German positions along the Somme River. To do this they designed some tactics such as huge artillery bombardment. This was not very effective because shells were of a very poor quality and they were not powerful enough. Enemy?s barbed wire would be cut and dug outs smashed. This was not effective because the wire stretched a lot, which made it almost impossible to penetrate and dug outs were solid, deep underground and fortified with concrete. ...read more.

Conclusion

This also caused lots of british people to change their attitudes towards war. Even thought the war did achieve its objectives; it was at a very high cost. The French only gained 6 miles of territory and the allied troops lost 600,000 casualties. The French were relieved while the British had little comfort. From my point of view this battle was a huge campaign of attrition that achieved its main objectives. Although this battle was horrible it achieved its main objectives because it gained almost 7 miles of territory, killed about 450.000 German soldiers and managed to stop Germans from entering Paris and the rest of France. For the French this battle achieved its objective but the British did not gain anything and lost 2/3 of their men. VS. and ...read more.

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