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The Beginning of World War One

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Introduction

The Beginning of World War One On the 28th June 1914, a Serbian, Gavrilo Princip shot the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. That shot sparked off a War that claimed the lives of around 10 million people. That war was called World War One. 28th June 1914 Sarajevo, Bosnia Sarajevo, a city in Bosnia was the centre of world attention during June 1914. Bosnia was part of Austro-Hungary but many of the people there were Serbs who wanted to be ruled by the neighbouring state Serbia. Serbia wanted to expand its country and wanted to control Bosnia. Most Serbs would do anything to attack Austro-Hungary, who also wanted an excuse to attack Serbia. This chance came when a Serb nationalist, Gavrilo Princip, who was 18 at the time, shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Gavrilo was a member of the Black Hand Gang and had previously failed in two attempts that same day to kill the Archduke. He took his opportunity though, just as he was about to give up, when the driver took a wrong turning and he soon shot the Archduke and his wife. ...read more.

Middle

They were determined to defend Serbia. August 1st-3rd 1914: Germany: Germany declared war on Russia on 1st August. This was in the Germans agreement with Austria-Hungary, if Russia helped out Serbia, Germany would protect Austria-Hungary. Germany knew they would have to fight the French at some point during the war. The German government thought the French might try to get back Alsace and Lorraine (two French provinces that Germany had captured in a war in 1870). Since then France had built up alliances with Britain and Russia (The Triple Entente 1907).They weren't sure if Britain would fight in the war but they knew France would fight because Russia had got involved. In the end the Germans worked out a plan to attack the French. They called it the Schlieffen Plan. The Germans would attack France via Belgium, a neutral country, and defeat France within six weeks. Then they would deal with the Russians. Germany declared war on France on 3rd August. August 4th 1914: Belgium On the 4th Germany declared war on Belgium. Britain had agreed in the Treaty of Westminster to defend Belgium if they were ever attacked. ...read more.

Conclusion

The two sides were the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia) and the Triple Alliance (Italy, Austria-Hungary and Germany). Britain got involved because Germany attacked Belgium who had an alliance with Britain. World War One may have only been a war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary if Russia and Germany hadn't been their allies. Imperialism: The Germans were jealous of the British Empire. Soon they started to occupy colonies in Africa and the Pacific. Most of these were near British colonies. Many countries in Europe wanted to expand their countries within Europe. This increased the tension between countries that bordered each other. One example of this is, Austria-Hungary wanted to expand its empire into the Balkans. The only country that lay in their way was Serbia. The Russians were also interested in the Balkans and were very keen to support Serbia in any war that may happen. Nationalism: Almost every country in Europe wanted to prove that they were the best. They could do this by having a large empire, having a large army and by having lots of allies. Many Serbs did not like Austria-Hungary and were willing to do whatever it took to attack them. Gavrilo Princip, who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, was a Serb nationalist. ...read more.

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