• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Black Death

Extracts from this document...


The Black Death In 1348 the Black Death struck England and other parts of Europe. It had been brought from Asia by ships that had rats on them. These rats carried fleas which, in turn, carried the plague. During this time it is estimated that over 40% of England population died as a result of the Black Death. This left many towns and villages deserted. The Black Death consisted of 2 different types of plague- the bubonic plague (spread by fleas) and the pneumonic plague (spread by coughing germs onto each other). The Black Death then reoccurred in 1361,1369,1374 and finally 1390. Unfortunately the people in 1348 were unaware of germs and fleas so began to create their own causes and cures for the Black Death ranging from blaming God and the Devil to finding common sense reasons. Some people believed that God was trying to punish people for their sins or punish children for dishonoring their mother and father. In a letter from the Prior of the abbey of Christchurch, Canterbury, to the Bishop of London written on the 28th of September 1348 it says 'And thus, indeed, the realm of England, because of the growing pride and corruption of its subjects, and their numberless sins ... ...read more.


He then goes on to advise to light fires in rooms if the weather is cold and if there is wind and fog a person should inhale perfumes every morning before leaving home. But if there was hot weather he says that a person should eat cold things and drink more than you eat. Hot things such as pepper, garlic, onions and other foods that cause extra heat weren't to be eaten. The use of fennel, spinach and cucumber was good when the epidemic occurred in the hot months as well. Some people believed that astrology was to blame. One of the most famous doctors in the 1300s,Guy de Chauliac, wrote about the effect he thought that astrology had, 'The general cause was the close position of the three great planets, Saturn, Jupiter and Mars. This had taken place in 1345 on 24 of March in the 14th degree of Aquarius. Such a coming together of planets is always a sign of wonderful, terrible or violent things to come.' In this passage Guy de Chauliac is saying that the unusual formation of major planets were a warning for the happening of big events whether good or bad. ...read more.


The German people made up one example of these around 1348. A German friar wrote 'Some say that it was brought about by the corruption of the air; others that the Jews planned to wipe out all the Christians with poison and had poisoned wells and springs everywhere. And many Jews confessed as much under torture ... men say that bags full of poison were found in many wells and springs.' Even though the friar wrote that the Jews confessed under torture it is not wise to believe just this, as under torture many people would confess something that they never did just so that they were left alone. To stop this poisoning, Germans burnt the Jews. We know this because of a woodcutting that shows exactly this. All of these explanations were mostly incorrect yet people still believed them and even did drastic things that didn't work to cure and prevent the Black Death. This could have been because some people were afraid of accepting the truth that they couldn't do anything to stop or cure the terrible disease. This means that in some ways the belief in a cure and cause was the only way they could have hope in a chance of not dying. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Black Death diary

    She said that it was some people from the village, trying to clean the air, by burning it. Whoever thought of this must be really clever! I just hope that it works. Later in church, we were lighting these really tall candles, even taller than Elisabeth (and she's nearly six-foot)!

  2. 4 Humours

    Recording findings wasn't new. The Egyptians had done this, the Greeks refined and developed the process of noting treatments, reactions and symptoms. Hippocratic medicine rejected the use of supernatural cures, the use of charms or of magic. This was new as previously civilisations had always used remedies in conjunction with supernatural ideas.

  1. Causes of the black death

    A great mass of the reddest hair fell down to her hips. Her appearance was terrifying." By the 1300s London's population had grown to 80,000 many things had changed London was a progressing city. In the 1300s there were a variety reasons people decided to settle in London.

  2. How far did the development of the needle industry affect the working conditions of ...

    Needles were important for many other uses. They were used for knitting, bookbinding, dressmaking, beadwork, fishhooks, harpoons, gramophone needles, saddles and gloves and also hypodermis and surgical needles. The forge mills were ideal places to use as needle mills. As leisure and sporting activities became more popular, such as fishing, more needles were needed again.

  1. What impressions do you receive from this passage of the four English characters involved? ...

    Curiously, he does seem to give Ronny a little of his own back in an apparently ironic tone ("... old man", line 6) that suggests his having taken offense to either Ronny's words or tone. This could perhaps be the same manner in his tone that earlier had caused offense to his own mother.

  2. History of Astrology Babylonian Astrology: The Babylonians ...

    the end of the race the rate pushed the cat from the ox back and jumped in order to win the race. The second one is that the day before the competition the cat and the rate agreed that the one who wake up first awake the other, and the

  1. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    Second Public Health Act, 1875: [bp] 1. Brought together all previous laws 2. Councils needed provide clean water, drainage and basic sanitary conditions Reasons for the NHS (set up in 1945): 1. Wallstreet Crash 1. World War II (most important reason): 1. There were food shortages in the war so the Government stated children should be fed well!

  2. The life and death of J.F.K

    On April 26th the Soviet Union sent the first man into space, reinforcing the US?s fears about being left behind in a Space Race with the Soviet Union. Kennedy then became determined to be the first ones to send a man to land on the moon and return to Earth safely.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work