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The Blitz.

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History coursework - The Blitz The blitz was obviously a time of great hardship for most British citizens. The constant poundings of major cities within England were enough to deter any country. Most people have an idea of the blitz to be a time of people coming together and showing the nations true personality, but this is not the whole story of the Blitz, as you will see in the text that follows. 1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? It is clear that there were many reasons for the bombings of major cities within Britain. I will try to explain as many of them as I can now. One obvious reason was that Hitler's growing ambition meant that it was inevitable for Britain to become victim to his brutal racemes. Hitler made is clear that he wanted to control the whole of Europe and so after capturing the majority of the countries within Europe, Britain was next on the list. With his good tactical knowledge, in war matters, he recognised that the way to gain control of Britain was by wiping out the major cities. This would leave Britain industrially and economically paralysed, forcing Britain to surrender. Another clear reason why the Germans bombed the major cities of Britain was to try and damage the morale of people. ...read more.


There would have been several teachers working in the schools, their jobs now gone, meaning no income at all. This could lead to all sorts of problems i.e. loss of house, unable to provide for family etc. Other jobs such as factory workers and shopkeepers would also become uncommon because their places of work would possibly be wiped out. The loss of these jobs would lead to other effects on everyday life. People would not be able to go to the local shop, as they would have usually, to buy items because it would of possibly been bombed. The loss of food shops would mean less food. People had to 'ration' their food. This meaning that everyone would have the same amount of food as everyone else. This leads to hunger and low morale. The bombings overnight would result in many people having to spend the night in a shelter or in some cases, the underground. In order for people to remain safe they had to go underground, this as you can imagine is very uncomfortable. Large families may find themselves in an underground shelter with little space and very little food. This would be a greatly uncomfortable to people and disrupted many families sleeping arrangements etc. Again this would lead to low morale. ...read more.


Of course the British government would try to, as often as they could, send these messages to Hitler back in Germany. If they could show these pictures to him then it might deter the Germans in their attacks as it shows they are not getting anywhere in relevance to making the British surrender. Another way of trying to hide the effects of blitz from the British was to release any articles etc that the people in Britain find demoralising. Instead the government encouraged articles such as Source G. This article explains how the morale of the British is not in decline but it is as strong as ever. The title of the book just shows the attitude of the British government exactly. 'Don't you know there's a war on?' this is the message that the British government would like to send to Germany as if to say we are not affected by the bombings in fact we don't even realise there is a war on! Obviously the true story was very different from this. In all the British government would not allow any information like death rates, damage, amount of bombs being dropped, food shortages etc to reach the British people as they knew it would demoralise them. So in stead the government decided to emit messages that would only boost spirit amongst the people. ...read more.

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