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The Blitz

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Question 1 The Tone and language of Source A conveys that the author believes it was a period to be proud of and also suggests that the Blitz was a period of celebration rather than a destructive time. This is supported by words like "Unshakeable determination" this suggests that even though the British people were bombarded with constant bombing they never gave up. The book also acknowledges the tragedy and destruction that took place during the blitz, "appalling circumstances", but despite this the British people were heroes, just like soldiers fighting in the war. The book shows that there was destruction and tragedy yet the British citizens still stuck together and continued to show courage and determination. The British people didn't let the Blitz effect the way the behaved and still remained positive. Question 2 Source B is useful because the date of Source B is 1943, this was a time when the British public would have had enough of the constant bombing and wide spread terror. Pictures like this would damage the morale of British citizens and may lead to civil unrest; the government therefore had to ban it. It is also useful because the picture shows a bombed out school suggesting that non- military targets were bombed; this would also have amplified the demoralisation of the British Public because many parents still sent there children to school so a picture of a bombed out school would have caused widespread panic. However, is useful the picture does show people working together to clean the debris and to remove the corpses, from this I ...read more.


The Nazis plan failed as the bombing had the opposite effect on the British people unlike what the Nazis anticipated. The British people believed they should just hold on and endure the bombing because there was a greater to good, which was to defeat the Nazis. London was bombed for 76 evenings non-stop, this resulted in more than 40,000 people losing there homes and 800,000 residential buildings destroyed. The East End was largely effected by the bombing as shown is Source E, which describes the exodus of families from the East End to find safer accommodation with relatives. Most of London's factories and docks were located in the East End, the Germans believed if they bombed them Britain would come to an economical stand still, in fact they were actually wrong, bombed factories would open and start production 2 - 3 days after being bombed usually. The government were becoming concerned British morale was beginning to become low. The government continued to censor incidents that resulted in tragedy or would lower morale, for example the bombing of Balham underground station in October 1940, 64 civilians were killed, because of burst water mains. The censorship wasn't released until well after the war, largely because many people used the underground as shelters during the night and incidents like these would cause widespread panic. Another major fear the government had was the bombing of the industries, they feared that many workers would leave their jobs to find safety. ...read more.


The government also encouraged groups like the Home Guard. The home guard was largely made from older men or former soldiers. Their main role was to take over the duties over the British army at home. They would patrol and stood sentry during the night and weekends, they also rounded up German pilots who had been shot down. The Home Guard was encouraged to take part in Guerrilla warfare after a German invasion. This showed high morale as it showed that many people were willing to give up their time and safety to save and protect their country. British citizens also showed courage and determination as source G shows even though they faced constant bombing they still kept a good work attendance. People still turned up and helped build parts for the war. Some people would sleep in forests during the night and go to work during the morning. They saw this as doing their bit for the country. However there was times when morale was low, as source D shows there was times when there was confrontation, the two men arguing, the man is holding a bag, so this suggests there may have been looting. In conclusion there were times when morale was low as Source D and Source E shows, however even though there was complete bombing people still tried to do their part for the country, Blitz Spirit wasn't a myth but wasn't applicable in all circumstances, but at the end of the day people would still go to work and seek shelter after. The British citizens still acknowledged that their country's cause was far greater. ?? ?? ?? ?? Alexander Opara - 1 - ...read more.

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