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The Blitz - questions and answers

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Introduction

AMANDEEP DHALIWAL 11W2 Q1) Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41? The major cities of Britain were bombed for many different reasons. One of the reasons is the failure of 'Battle of Britain'. After France surrendered to Germany on June 22nd 1940, Hitler had the chance to invade Britain. A plan was made called 'Operation Sea lion.' This plan had a key flaw, the German's had not considered the strength of the R.A.F (Royal Air Force). If 'Operation Sea lion' was put into action then the R.A.F would be able to attack from the sky, so in order to avoid this Hitler ordered the German air force to attack the R.A.F and destroy their shipping ports and aeroplane manufacturing factories so that they would be weakened. After the fall of France in June 1940, the Germans were barely 40 miles from British soil. Operation Sea lion began in July that year, and by September was called off. It was then that midnight raids began on London and similar cities of importance. The primary objectives were the disturbance of production and incoming supplies, meaning that industrial sectors were targeted as well as transport links such as railway bridges and lines. ...read more.

Middle

However, people were allowed to see positive stories showing a determined and untied Britain fighting Hitler, these images strengthened national morale. Therefore, only reports and photos showing people supporting he war were allowed. As a result of the governments concern to limit these damaging pieces of information people only received information that would guarantee their continued support for the war effort. However, as an result people were not really getting an accurate view on these events taking place in their everyday lives. There were in some cases sheltered from some of the more devastating impacts the blitz was having. I feel that the major effect and the most important effect of The Blitz on everyday life in Britain were the devastation causes to cities and industries. This had a devastating on people as their homes and workplaces were being destroyed. The government withheld information on the extent of damage caused to cities and industries because they did not want Hitler to believe he was being successful in destroying people's morale, this was one of his main aims in the Blitz campaign. Q3 In what ways did the government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz form the people of Britain? The British Government attempted to hide the effects of the Blitz by using censor to cut out information damaging to morale, using positive ...read more.

Conclusion

The Ministry of Information's campaign was particularly important in order to prevent the German propaganda Campaign of 'Lord Haw' destroying British people's confidence. The British propaganda campaign was vital in order to maintain public morale needed for the war. It can be said that the British government were acting dishonestly in hiding information on the effect of the Blitz that might be damaging to the morale of the British people. However, the withholding of information on the true effects of Blitz also had a positive impact on the British morale. The propaganda campaign emphasising British success and a united and courageous Britain did not actually imitate the truth of the situation but was needed to maintain support for the war effort and to strengthen morale. British civilians needed to be sheltered from the harsh realities from the Blitz, even though they may have been directly affected by it. The scale of the damage had to be downplayed by the government as the British population on a whole would clearly find it difficult to cope with devastations of cities homes and thousands of casualties on such a large scale. The support from the public was vital to keep up morale and the war effort. The British government needed to keep morale high to show the enemy that they were not being successful. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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